short-bowel syndrome


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short-bowel syndrome

 
any of the malabsorption conditions resulting from massive resection of the small bowel, the degree and kind of malabsorption depending on the site and extent of the resection; it is characterized by diarrhea, steatorrhea, and malnutrition.

short-·bow·el syn·drome

malabsorption and maldigestion resulting from disease or resection of large portions of the small intestine.

short-·bow·el syn·drome

malabsorption and maldigestion resulting from disease or resection of large portions of the small intestine.

short-bow·el syn·drome

(shōrt-bow'ĕl sin'drōm)
Complex of symptoms that can result whenever the absorptive surface of the small bowel is reduced, as in massive or multiple small bowel resections. Symptoms include diarrhea, weight loss, malabsorption, anemia, and vitamin, mineral, and electrolyte abnormalities. Degree of malabsorption and malnutrition depends on the site and extent of the resection.
Synonym(s): short-gut syndrome.

short-bow·el syn·drome

(shōrt bow'ĕl sin'drōm)
Complex of symptoms that can result whenever the absorptive surface of the small bowel is reduced, as in massive or multiple small bowel resections. Symptoms include diarrhea, weight loss, malabsorption, anemia, and vitamin, mineral, and electrolyte abnormalities.
Synonym(s): short-gut syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is a disorder culminating in severe malabsorption usually from functional or anatomical loss of small intestinal length.
The authors offer management advice for common pediatric illnesses, including obesity, cystic fibrosis and short-bowel syndrome. The fourth edition contains an expanded formulary, updated growth charts and new tables on vitamin and pre- and pro-biotic nutritional supplements.
TABLE MAJOR CAUSES OF CHRONIC DIARRHEA CLASSIFIED BY TYPICAL STOOL CHARACTERISTICS (6) Osmotic diarrhea [Mg.sup.2+], P[O.sub.4.sup.-3], S[O.sub.4.sup.-2] ingestion Carbohydrate malabsorption Fatty diarrhea Pancreatic disease Short-bowel syndrome Postgastrectomy syndrome Hyperthyroidism Cholestasis Other malabsorption syndromes Inflammatory diarrhea Inflammatory bowel disease Infectious diseases Ischemic colitis Radiation colitis Neoplasia Secretory diarrhea Irritable bowel syndrome Laxative abuse Fecal incontinence Congenital syndromes (chloridorrhea) Idiopathic secretory diarrhea Bacterial toxins Drugs and poisons Disordered motility Neuroendocrine tumors Neoplasia Addison's disease Epidemic secretory (Brainerd) diarrhea REFERENCES