sexual assault


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Any sexual act performed by one person on another without consent
Legal elements Use or threat of force, inability of victim to give proper consent or both

sexual assault

Forensic medicine '…any sexual act performed by one person on another without permission…components: use or threat of force, inability of victim to give proper consent or both.' Incidence 80/100,000/yr; accounts for 7% of violent crimes reported in US–
it is vastly underreported due to '…humiliation, feelings of guilt, fear of retribution, lack of knowledge of legal rights, disillusionment with criminal justice system' Morbidity Up to 5% of SA victims sustain major nongenital injuries; 1% have severe genital injuries requiring surgery; 0.1% sustain injuries that are ultimately fatal Injuries 11 anatomic sites may be affected by SA, in particular, posterior fourchette; videocolposcopy ↑ rate of detection 3-fold, allows permanent forensic documentation. See Rape, Rape trauma syndrome.

sexual assault

Actual or attempted oral, anal, or vaginal penetration against the victim's will. It includes sexual intercourse, forced penetration of another person's body, and grasping of the victim's breasts, buttocks, or genitals.
See: rape
See also: assault
References in periodicals archive ?
to address persistently high rates of sexual assault. Further, if
Ontario is one of the few Canadian provinces with hospital-based sexual assault treatment centres.
In 2011, Russlynn Ali, head of the USED Office for Civil Rights, sent a "Dear Colleague Letter" to the nation's colleges and universities urging them to address the problem of sexual assault. Specifically, the letter reminded schools that under Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, they had to take immediate and appropriate action (independent of the criminal justice system) to investigate incidences of sexual violence and then take steps to prevent it.
* Using multidisciplinary collaboration to improve Sexual assault response and create positive change.
seek to regulate, investigate, and punish instances of sexual assault
Especially given the "growing numbers of women serving in the military and prevalence of sexual assault in this population," there's a need for more research on the sexual function of female veterans and development of "targeted treatments," the investigators wrote.
State funding for sexual assault services would allow for more advocates trained in working with sexual assault survivors, and increase the number of therapists statewide who specialize in addressing sexual trauma.
The MOE says that there have been 40 teachers dismissed every year in junior-high, senior-high, and vocational schools for sexual assault and sexual harassment.
In a statement, she said she plans to complete a detailed inventory of sexual assault kits with police departments and hospitals in Missouri within six months, then tackle forensic DNA testing and the development of an electronic tracking system for the kits.
Kits will not be tested in a case where the victim has not reported to law enforcement; the victim has requested the kit not be tested; and if the offender has already been convicted of sexual assault and has a DNA profile in the FBI's Combined DNA Index System.
Two former University of Maryland, Baltimore County students have filed suit against the school, police and Baltimore County officials alleging a pattern of failing to properly investigate and prosecute sexual assault allegations.

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