sex ratio


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ratio

 [ra´she-o] (L.)
an expression of the quantity of one substance or entity in relation to that of another; the relationship between two quantities expressed as the quotient of one divided by the other.
A/D ratio adult versus developmental toxicity ratio; the ratio between the toxic effects of a substance on adults (humans or animals, especially pregnant females) and such effects on developing embryos or fetuses.
A-G ratio (albumin-globulin ratio) the ratio of albumin to globulin in blood serum, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, or urine.
arm ratio a figure expressing the relation of the length of the longer arm of a mitotic chromosome to that of the shorter arm.
benefit-risk ratio a determination of the potential of a research study for positive effects on patients compared to the risks of doing harm.
cardiothoracic ratio on a chest radiograph, the ratio of the transverse diameter of the heart to the internal diameter of the chest at its widest point just above the dome of the diaphragm.
grid ratio a ratio comparing the height of lead lines in an x-ray grid to the distance between the lead strips.
inspiratory-expiratory ratio the ratio of the inspiratory time to the expiratory time during the breathing cycle. Normally, expiratory time will be longer than inspiratory time; if the inspiratory time is longer than the expiratory time, gas trapping may result.
lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio see lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio.
risk ratio relative risk.
sex ratio the proportion of one sex to the other; by tradition the number of males in a population to the number of females, usually stated as the number of males per 100 females.
signal-to-noise ratio the ratio between the amplitude of a signal being measured and that of the noise.
urea excretion ratio the ratio of the amount of urea in the urine excreted in one hour to the amount in 100 ml of blood. The normal ratio is 50.
zeta sedimentation ratio (ZSR) a measurement comparable to the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, except that it is unaffected by anemia. The packed-cell volume (zetacrit) of a blood specimens is calculated by centrifuging the specimen in a Zetafuge, a specially designed instrument that produces controlled cycles of compaction and dispersion and allows rouleaux to form and sediment rapidly. The zetacrit divided into the true hematocrit gives the zeta sedimentation ratio.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

sex ra·ti·o

1. the ratio of male to female progeny at some specified stage of the life cycle, notably at conception (primary), at birth (secondary), or at any stage between birth and death (tertiary);
2. the ratio of the numbers of males to females affected by a particular disease or trait.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The ratio of males to females in a population, which in humans—without ‘culling'—hovers at 105–107:100
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

sex ra·ti·o

(seks rā'shē-ō)
1. The ratio of male to female progeny at some specified stage of the life cycle, notably at conception (primary), at birth (secondary), or at any stage between birth and death (tertiary).
2. The ratio of the numbers of males to females affected by a particular disease or trait.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Sex ratioclick for a larger image
Fig. 284 Sex ratio . The ratio of male to female progeny in humans.

sex ratio

the number of males in a group divided by the number of females, giving a value which is usually about 1.0. The ratio is controlled by the SEGREGATION of SEX CHROMOSOMES in the HETEROGAMETIC SEX during MEIOSIS (see SEX DETERMINATION). For example, in humans the situation is normally as shown in Fig. 284. In fact, in humans there are often slightly more males born than females (105:100 is typical) due either to preferential fertilization of eggs by Y-carrying sperm causing an unequal primary ratio or to preferential survival of males during GESTATION. Whatever the reason, the sex ratio at birth (the secondary ratio) becomes altered to about 1:1 at sexual maturity in natural circumstances, due to the slightly higher mortality of male children.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
To the extent that richer households are less likely to need credit, our estimates are thus simply best interpreted as the impact of the sex ratio among the population of purchasers who choose to employ credit.
Thus a grave imbalance in the sex ratio causes great damage to the economic as well as the social system.
In most cases, these ratios of males to females at birth, called sex ratios, have been biologically skewed by centuries of evolution.
1997: Does variation of sex ratio enhance reproductive success of offspring in tawny owls (Strix aluco)?
Sex Ratio at Birth Data for African Nations: 2008 and 2014
During 1991-2011, child sex ratio declined in both rural and urban India.
[7.] Madan K, Breuning MH (2014) Impact of prenatal technologies on the sex ratio in India: an overview.
[10] We used data from a social work program based in the slums of Sholapur city, Maharashtra, to test the hypothesis that SES is a determinant of sex ratio at live birth in a disadvantaged stratum of Indian society, which is the main objective of the study.
The population size and sex ratio of the scaly-sided merganser were determined in seven river sections (Xiushui, Jing'an, Yiyang, Longhushan, Yihuang, Fuliang, Wuyuan) of four water systems (Xiuhe River, Fuhe River, Xinjiang River and Raohe River) (114Adeg39'-117Adeg51'E, 27Adeg 34'-29Adeg 33'N), at an elevation of 10-90 m above sea level in the Poyang Lake water system, Jiangxi province (Shao et al., 2012a; Shao and Chen, 2017; Zhi et al., 2019) (Fig.
Specifically, we ran a non-linear panel regression of the aggregate saving rate on the sex ratio and other control variables, including country and year fixed effects over the period from 1990 to 2010.
(Their share in world's population, according to UN data for 2015, is 39.2 per cent.) In fact, the sex ratio for the world sans these three countries stands good at 101.4.
(22) Such behavior distorts the sex ratio by family size, since, on average, girls will be born into larger families and at an earlier parity than will boys.