serpin


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serpin

 [ser´pin]
any of a superfamily of inhibitors of serine endopeptidase (serine proteinase), found in plasma and tissues; all are similarly structured single-chain glycoproteins although each one acts specifically on particular endopeptidases. Among their targets are serine proteinases involved in coagulation, complement activation, fibrinolysis, inflammation, and tissue remodeling. The serpins include alpha1-antitrypsin, antithrombin III, α2-antiplasmin, C1 inhibitor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1). Called also serine protease or proteinase inhibitor.

serpin

/ser·pin/ (ser´pin) any of a superfamily of inhibitors of serine proteinase, found in plasma and tissues; all are homologous single-chain glycoproteins targeting specific serine proteinases involved in coagulation, complement activation, fibrinolysis, inflammation, and tissue remodeling.

serpin

[ser′pin]
any of a superfamily of inhibitors of serine endopeptidase (serine proteinase), found in plasma and tissue. All are similarly structured single-chain glycoproteins, although each one acts specifically on particular endopeptidases. Among their targets are serine proteinases involved in coagulation, complement activation, fibrinolysis, inflammation, and tissue remodeling. The serpins include alpha1-antitrypsin, antithrombin III, alpha2-antiplasmin, C1 inhibitor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. Also called serine protease inhibitor or serine proteinase inhibitor.

serpin

(ser′pĭn) [ ser(ine) + p(roteinase) + in(hibitor)]
A serine protease inhibitor.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report reviews Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (Endothelial Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor or Serpin E1 or PAI-1) targeted therapeutics under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
The serpins are an expanding superfamily of structurally similar but functionally diverse proteins.
SERPINs share a general frame of structure but have diverse functions that may be involved in normal biological and pathological processes such as blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, apoptosis, development, inflammation, and tumorigenesis [7].
Serpins are the main parts of the protein with the different duties and turnovers which is including halter and also unhalter activities such as vocalization of lobe [15].
2001): <<The serpins are an expanding superfamily of structurally similar but functionally diverse proteins evolution, mechanism of inhibition, novel functions, and a revised nomenclature>>, Journal of Biology and Chemistry, vol.
In our work, we also found a schistosome serpin (serine protease inhibitor) that could possibly correspond to that previously reported in cercarial secretions (4, 7).
Discoordinate hormonal and ontogenetic regulation of four rat serpin genes.
Expression of the serpin centerin defines a germinal center phenotype in B-cell lymphomas.
Expression of serpin transcripts was observed primarily in hemocytes and was rapidly induced by immune stimulation, remaining at high levels for all time points sampled (Fig.
Caspase-1 (interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme) is inhibited by the human serpin analogue proteinase inhibitor 9.
M151R encodes Serp2, a serpin that specifically binds interleukin-1[beta]-converting enzyme (23) and is involved in the pathogenesis of myxomatosis (24).
Two protease inhibitors--basic proteinase inhibitors and serpin 6--were identified in this study by homology research.