serotype

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serotype

 [se´ro-tīp]
the type of a microorganism determined by its constituent antigens, or a taxonomic subdivision based thereon.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

se·ro·var

(sē'rō-var),
A subdivision of a species or subspecies distinguishable from other strains therein on the basis of antigenicity.
Synonym(s): serotype
[sero- + variant]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

serotype

(sîr′ə-tīp′, sĕr′-)
n.
A group of closely related microorganisms distinguished by a characteristic set of antigens. Also called serovar.
tr.v. sero·typed, sero·typing, sero·types
To classify according to serotype; assign to a particular serotype.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

se·ro·var

(sēr'ō-vahr)
A subdivision of a species or subspecies distinguishable from other strains therein on the basis of antigenic character.
Synonym(s): serotype.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

serotype

1. A subgroup of a genus of microorganisms identifiable by the ANTIGENS carried by the members.
2. A category into which material is placed, based on its serological activity, especially in terms of the antigens it carries or the antibodies it produces in the body.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Serotype

Microorganisms differing in the type of surface antigens.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In another case, in a 4-month-old calf, we identified BTV by using a BTV-specific rRT-PCR test (VetMAX BTV NS3 All Genotypes Kit, LSI; Thermo Fisher Scientific, https://www.thermofisher.com), which led to isolation of BTV serotype 8.
"These results contrast with the recent increase in frequency of invasive pneumococcal disease observed in several countries during the same period linked to serotype replacement beyond 5 years after PCV13 implementation," reported Nairn Ouldali, MD, of the Association Clinique et Therapeutique Infantile du Val-de-Marne in France, and associates.
All seven of the new serotypes included in 20vPnC are global causes of invasive pneumococcal disease, and six of the seven serotypes (8, 10A, 11A, 15BC, 22F and 33F) are associated with high case-fatality rates.
The strains included were the following: WN = M 148 (VNI, serotype A), WM 626 (VNII, serotype A), WM 628 (VNIII, serotype AD), WM 629 (VNIV, serotype D), WM 179 (VGI, serotype B), WM 178 (VGII, serotype B), WM 161 (VGIII, serotype B) and WM 779 (VGIV, serotype C).
VP1 protein present on capsid surface has a significant role in protective immunity and specificity of serotypes due to the presence of important immunological sites in this protein such as G-H loop and C-terminus (Jackson et al., 2002; Jamal et al., 2011c).
Strains showing resistance to antibiotics are frequently resistant to more than one antibiotic group and some specific serotypes of these strains have shown clonal distribution in the world (3).
Serotypes of DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 viruses were detected using real-time PCR assay in 25 [micro]L PCR reaction mix containing 5 [micro]L RNA template, TaqMan[R] Fast Virus 1-Step Master Mix (Applied Biosystems[R]), UltraPure[TM] DNase/RNase-Free Distilled Water (Invitrogen[TM]), and a primary 0.9 and a 0.2 [micro]M probe, respectively.
Twenty carriers had more than one serotype. Of the 81 isolates, nine different serotypes were identified.
According to the WHO (2013), the number of cases was 8,546, including 33 reported deaths in Swat district, with the prevalent serotypes being DENV 1, 2 and 3.
Molecular capsular typing was done using the oligonucleotide primers designed to target serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6A/B, 7F, 7C, 8, 9V, 10A, 11A, 12F, 14, 15A, 15B/C, 16F, 17F, 18, 19A, 19F, 20, 22F, 23F, 31, 33, 34, 35B, 35F using primer pairs sequences published earlier.
In the city of Makkah, the number of DF cases has increased since the first outbreak of the disease in 2004; however, only two reports are available, one published in2008 [10] and the other published in 2009 [14], regarding the rise of DF cases and the prevalence of dengue virus serotypes in Makkah.