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acute inflammation of synovial membranes, with purulent effusion into a joint, due to bacterial infection; the usual route of infection is hemic to the synovial tissue, causing destruction of the articular cartilage; may become chronic, with sinus formation, osteomyelitis, deformity, and disability.
Synonym(s): purulent synovitis, pyarthrosis, pyogenic arthritis, septic arthritis, suppurative synovitis
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
septic arthritisBacterial arthritis, infectious arthritis, non-gonococcal bacterial arthritis Rheumatology A non-gonococcal infection of a joint, which develops when bacteria spread to a joint Clinical Rapid onset with joint swelling, intense pain, low-grade fever Risk factors Concurrent bacterial infection, chronic illness, immunosuppression, rheumatoid arthritis, IVDA, recent joint trauma, or recent joint arthroscopy or surgery; it is not uncommon in children < age 3, affecting primarily the hip, in adults, knee involvement is more common Agents in children Group B streptococcus, H influenzae
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Another name for infectious arthritis.
Mentioned in: Infectious Arthritis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.