Long-term outcome of patients with ventricular septal defect
considered not to require surgical closure during childhood.
Ventricular septal defect
. InAtlas of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery 2015 (pp.
The commonest congenital acyanotic heart diseases were ventricular septal defect
(VSD), atrial septal defect
(ASD), combined VSD with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), while tetralogy of fallot (TOF) was commonest cyanotic heart disease followed by transportation of the great arteries (TGA), VSD and pulmonary artery (PA), ASD, VSD, PDA.
The aortic valve was thickened and there was a large congenital atrial septal defect
of the ostium secundum variety measuring 25 mm.
Six patients who were found to have atrial septal defect
were transferred to the department of cardiology of our hospital to undergo atrial septal defect
occlusion and drug treatment, and none recurred during follow up.
He said that most often an atrial septal defect
is diagnosed when a physician hears a heart murmur during a physical examination.
A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated a very large secundum-type atrial Septal defect
measuring 30 x 48 mm, with a calculated area of 10.6 [cm.sup.2] (white box).
Hu et al., "Feasibility of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect
under the guidance of transthoracic echocardiography," Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, vol.
Transthoracic echocardiogram on day of life one confirmed the diagnosis of Rastelli type A complete AVSD with a large atrial septal defect
and a moderate ventricular septal defect
, a balanced common atrioventricular valve with mild right and trace left atrioventricular valve regurgitation, and a patent foramen ovale (Figures 3(c) and 3(d)).
overriding of the aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy, ventricular septal defect
and RVOT obstruction14.
Doxycycline exposure was associated with a greater than threefold increased risk of ventricular/ atrial septal defect
(aOR, 3.19), and greater than twofold increase in the risk of circulatory system malformation (aOR, 2.38) and cardiac malformations (aOR, 2.46).
Seventy-five percent of individuals have CHD, with ostium secundum atrial septal defect
(60%) being the most common followed by ventricular septal defect