septal defect


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defect

 [de´fekt]
an imperfection, failure, or absence.
congenital heart defect see congenital heart defect.
aortic septal defect see aortic septal defect.
atrial septal defect see atrial septal defect.
filling defect an interruption in the contour of the inner surface of stomach or intestine revealed by radiography, indicating excess tissue or substance on or in the wall of the organ.
neural tube defect see neural tube defect.
septal defect a defect in the cardiac septum resulting in an abnormal communication between opposite chambers of the heart. Common types are aortic septal defect, atrial septal defect, and ventricular septal defect. See also congenital heart defect.

septal defect

See Atrial septal defect, Ventricular septal defect.

septal defect

An abnormal opening in the central wall of the heart providing a communication from the right side to the left or vice versa. This is a developmental congenital defect and its significance varies from trivial to grave depending on its position and size. Popularly known as ‘hole in the heart’.
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term outcome of patients with ventricular septal defect considered not to require surgical closure during childhood.
The commonest congenital acyanotic heart diseases were ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defect (ASD), combined VSD with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), while tetralogy of fallot (TOF) was commonest cyanotic heart disease followed by transportation of the great arteries (TGA), VSD and pulmonary artery (PA), ASD, VSD, PDA.
The aortic valve was thickened and there was a large congenital atrial septal defect of the ostium secundum variety measuring 25 mm.
Six patients who were found to have atrial septal defect were transferred to the department of cardiology of our hospital to undergo atrial septal defect occlusion and drug treatment, and none recurred during follow up.
He said that most often an atrial septal defect is diagnosed when a physician hears a heart murmur during a physical examination.
A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated a very large secundum-type atrial Septal defect measuring 30 x 48 mm, with a calculated area of 10.6 [cm.sup.2] (white box).
Hu et al., "Feasibility of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect under the guidance of transthoracic echocardiography," Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, vol.
Transthoracic echocardiogram on day of life one confirmed the diagnosis of Rastelli type A complete AVSD with a large atrial septal defect and a moderate ventricular septal defect, a balanced common atrioventricular valve with mild right and trace left atrioventricular valve regurgitation, and a patent foramen ovale (Figures 3(c) and 3(d)).
overriding of the aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy, ventricular septal defect and RVOT obstruction14.
Doxycycline exposure was associated with a greater than threefold increased risk of ventricular/ atrial septal defect (aOR, 3.19), and greater than twofold increase in the risk of circulatory system malformation (aOR, 2.38) and cardiac malformations (aOR, 2.46).
Seventy-five percent of individuals have CHD, with ostium secundum atrial septal defect (60%) being the most common followed by ventricular septal defect.