Dynamics of identy development and separation-individuation
in parentchild relationships during adolescence and emerging adultood--A conceptual integration.
The process of separation-individuation
, made more complex by adoption, is very important here.
This process, referred to as the separation-individuation
process, allows an individual to move away from his or her comforting environment while continuing to retain a part of him or herself.
Chapter 2, titled Narcissism, Character Formation and Separation-Individuation
, begins by framing these concerns against an ego psychological understanding, but quickly moves to introduce self psychology.
The Separation Individuation Inventory (Christenson & Wilson, 1985) is a 36-item self-report measure designed to assess symptoms associated with a disturbance in the separation-individuation
, exploration, and identity diffusion as mediators of the relationship between attachment and career indecision.
When the separation-individuation
process goes awry: Distinguishing between dysfunctional dependence and dysfunctional independence.
To measure psychological separation, we adopted the Separation-individuation
Inventory translated into Taiwanese by Wu (2004).
Contributions of parenting to the separation-individuation
process in late adolescence: A threewave longitudinal study.
College adjustment in a multiethnic sample: Attachment, separation-individuation
, and ethnic identity.
He discusses the development of character, the process of a second separation-individuation
, the capacity for affect regulation and the related self-reflective function, and the treatment of adolescent clients, through clinical vignettes from his previously published works.
In the following chapter Akhtar explores three fantasies about unresolved separation-individuation
dynamics which often operate in relatively severe self pathology.