strongly criticizes the "sensualistic
" intuitionism of Kant as well as the "intellectualistic" intuitionism which S.
As regards the metaphysical interpretation of the world most suited to humanitarian ethics, it is inherent in the creed itself that this cannot be more than a secondary concern; on the whole, however, some variety of a naturalistic, mechanistic and sensualistic
pattern is undoubtedly preferable, since an attempt to "explain" the world with the exclusion of "transcendent" entities is best in tune with the central tenet: the immanent sovereignty of human needs.
During this period, a wave of sensualistic
philosophy swept across Western Europe: British empiricism and associationism (Locke, Hume, David Hartley); moral sense philosophy (Shaftesbury, Francis Hutcheson); French sensationalism and materialism (Condillac, Bonnet, Helvetius).