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a type of speech disorder consisting of a defect or loss of the power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or of comprehension of spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain centers, such as after stroke syndrome on the left side.
Patient Care. Aphasia is a complex phenomenon manifested in numerous ways. The recovery period is often very long, even months or years. Because communication is such a vital part of everyday living, loss of the ability to communicate with words, whether in speaking or writing, can profoundly affect the personality and behavior of a patient. Although aphasic persons usually require extensive treatment by specially trained speech patholigists or therapists, all persons concerned with the care of the patient should practice techniques that will help minimize frustration and improve communication with such patients.
amnestic aphasia anomic aphasia.
anomic aphasia inability to name objects, qualities, or conditions. Called also amnestic or nominal aphasia.
ataxic aphasia expressive aphasia.
auditory aphasia loss of ability to comprehend spoken language. Called also word deafness.
Broca's aphasia motor aphasia.
conduction aphasia aphasia due to a lesion of the pathway between the sensory and motor speech centers.
expressive aphasia motor aphasia.
fluent aphasia that in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct but is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
jargon aphasia that with utterance of meaningless phrases, either neologisms or incoherently arranged known words.
motor aphasia aphasia in which there is impairment of the ability to speak and write, owing to a lesion in the insula and surrounding operculum including Broca's motor speech area. The patient understands written and spoken words but has difficulty uttering the words. See also receptive aphasia. Called also logaphasia and Broca's, expressive, or nonfluent aphasia.
nominal aphasia anomic aphasia.
nonfluent aphasia motor aphasia.
receptive aphasia inability to understand written, spoken, or tactile speech symbols, due to disease of the auditory and visual word centers, as in word blindness. See also motor aphasia. Called also logamnesia and sensory or Wernicke's aphasia.
sensory aphasia receptive aphasia.
visual aphasia alexia.
Wernicke's aphasia receptive aphasia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
aphasia with impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphrastic speech and writing; malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms are characteristic. When condition severe and speech is incomprehensible, it is called jargon aphasia. The patient often appears unaware of the deficit.
Synonym(s): fluent aphasia, impressive aphasia, posterior aphasia, psychosensory aphasia, receptive aphasia, Wernicke aphasia
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
sensory aphasiaWernicke's aphasia Neurology Aphasia comprised of 2 elements: (1) Impaired speech comprehension due largely to an inability to differentiate spoken and written phonemes–word elements–due to either involvement of the auditory association areas or separation from the 1º auditory complex; (2) Fluently articulated but paraphasic speech, which confirms a major role by the auditory region in regulating language; Pts with SA are voluble, gesticulate, and unaware of the incoherency of their speech; words are nonsubstantive, malformed, inappropriate–paraphasia. See Aphasia, Motor aphasia.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
re·cep·tive a·pha·si·a(rĕ-sĕp'tiv ă-fā'zē-ă)
A condition including impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphasic speech and writing; malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms are characteristic. When severe, and speech is incomprehensible, it is called jargon aphasia. The patient often appears unaware of this deficit. The lesion typically includes a portion of the superior temporal lobe.
Synonym(s): fluent aphasia, sensory aphasia, Wernicke aphasia.
Synonym(s): fluent aphasia, sensory aphasia, Wernicke aphasia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
sensory aphasiaInability to appreciate the meaning of spoken or written words, gestures or signs. In speech, words are used incorrectly and do not convey the desired ideas. Sensory APHASIA is the result of brain damage, usually from STROKE.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Wernicke,Karl, German neurologist, 1848-1905.
Gayet-Wernicke syndrome - Synonym(s): Wernicke syndrome
Wernicke aphasia - impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words. Synonym(s): Bastian aphasia; sensory aphasia
Wernicke area - Synonym(s): Wernicke center
Wernicke center - the region of the cerebral cortex thought to be essential for understanding and formulating coherent, propositional speech. Synonym(s): sensory speech center; Wernicke area; Wernicke field; Wernicke region; Wernicke zone
Wernicke cramp - psychogenic muscle cramp. Synonym(s): cramp neurosis
Wernicke disease - Synonym(s): Wernicke syndrome
Wernicke encephalopathy - Synonym(s): Wernicke syndrome
Wernicke field - Synonym(s): Wernicke center
Wernicke radiation - the massive, fanlike fiber system passing from the lateral geniculate body of the thalamus to the visual cortex. Synonym(s): optic radiation
Wernicke reaction - in hemianopia, a reaction due to damage of the optic tract, consisting in loss of pupillary constriction when the light is directed to the blind side of the retina. Synonym(s): Wernicke sign
Wernicke region - Synonym(s): Wernicke center
Wernicke sign - Synonym(s): Wernicke reaction
Wernicke syndrome - a condition encountered in chronic alcoholics, characterized by disturbances in ocular motility, pupillary alterations, nystagmus, and ataxia with tremors. Synonym(s): Gayet disease; Gayet-Wernicke syndrome; superior hemorrhagic polioencephalitis; Wernicke disease; Wernicke encephalopathy
Wernicke zone - Synonym(s): Wernicke center
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome - the coexistence of Wernicke and Korsakoff syndromes.
Wernicke-Mann hemiplegia - extremity hemiplegia that is partial. Synonym(s): Wernicke-Mann paralysis
Wernicke-Mann paralysis - Synonym(s): Wernicke-Mann hemiplegia
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012