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1. A substance that causes allergy or dermatitis only after alteration (sensitization) of the skin by previous exposure to that substance.
2. Synonym(s): antibody
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(sĕn′sĭ-tī″zĕr) [L. sensitivus, of sensation]
In allergy and dermatology, a substance that makes the susceptible individual react to the same or other irritants.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Patient discussion about sensitizer

Q. I had cataract surgery with iol implant, and ever since I have awful light sensitivity. Any ideas? I can't go into a "super store" without my sunglasses. My eyes ache at the end of the day. My doctor says "I don't know!"

A. May sound a bit silly question, but have you tried to consult your ophthalmologist (eye doctor, e.g. the one that performed the operation) about it? Cataract surgery, although considered very successful, isn't problem-free. Primary physician may not have the necessary specialization to deal with these subjects.

Q. I heard that patients are highly sensitive to their senses? what are the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia and can they be aggravated? I heard that patients are highly sensitive to their senses?

A. Great answeer...couldn't agree more!

Q. when my aunt went through chemo (for colon cancer) her palms became VERY sensitive and had a burning feeling is there any way to prevent this from happening to my mom who is starting her chemo now? If not, what it the best treatment for it?

A. What you describe sounds like peripheral neuropathy, a well known side effect of platinum chemotherapy which is used for colon cancer. Several measures, including giving infusion of calcium and magnesium, and glutathione were found to reduce the rate of this complication, although further studies are necessary.

However, the information is only general advice, since I haven't examined your mother so if you have any questions about this subject, it may be wise to consult a doctor (e.g. oncologist).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The CAIcium Sensitizer or Inotrope or NOne in low-output heart failure study (CASINO) is a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy and parallel-group study (20).
The contact sensitizers 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene-sulfonic acid (TNBS), 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB), Ni[SO.sub.4], and [K.sub.2][Cr.sub.2][O.sub.7] induced upregulation of IL-1[beta] rnRNA in Mo-DCs (6).
Recently it has been shown that Gemcitabine acts as a radio sensitizer in cervical cancer cell line (11).
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the traditional chronic treatment of choice for these women, but I think there are many good reasons to prefer metformin or other insulin-sensitizing drugs not only for the acute treatment of infertility (I think all can agree that this is an excellent use of insulin sensitizers), but also for chronic use.
It was also established that a decrease in the medium polarity (upon addition of ethanol or DMFA to aqueous solution of HPD) strongly inhibited the efficiency of the sensitizer photodegradation (Fig.
In 1902, in the laboratory of the Higher Technical School in Charlottenburg (Germany), headed by prominent scientist Professor Adolf Miethe, Prokudin-Gorsky, based on his knowledge of chemistry, developed the desired sensitizer. Professor Miethe designed a camera for color photography.
In Phase 1 studies, NGM313 has demonstrated potential as a once-monthly injectable insulin sensitizer.
We found that in the presence of sensitizer, water soluble silk fibroin peptide (SP) with low molecular weight (<3,500) could initiate free radical photopolymerization.
At resonance, these composites showed greatly improved light-to-heat conversion compared with equivalent composites using the industry standard carbon black as a sensitizer and could be sintered using low-power light sources.
The benchmark for the model was the prediction of human data for the direct-acting sensitizer 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB).
Hydrochlorothiazide, a known photo sensitizer, when taken by white non-Hispanic patients with a history of multiple SCC skin cancers may represent a 'correctable' cause.
The Ti[O.sub.2] electrodes were immersed in a dry CH[Cl.sub.3] solution containing 0.3 mM dye sensitizer for 12 h at the room temperature to ensure complete dye uptake and were then rinsed with anhydrous CH[Cl.sub.3] and EtOH to remove the unbound dye.