Liver degeneration and necrosis caused by ingestion of plants of the genus Senecio, such as ragwort and groundsel; similar hepatotoxic properties have been observed after ingestion of some kinds of Crotalaria and Heliotropium.
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The added presence of both species and their extensive distribution may help explain the rapid growth of outbreaks of seneciosis since 2010 (DUTRA et al., 2015).
oxyphyllus was collected, the density of the plant on those farms and considering the relative high concentrations of PAs (6.2mg [g.sup.-1] dry matter) in the populations suggested it may be the main species involved in the reported outbreaks of seneciosis. It is also noted that all the major alkaloids detected among the four species of Senecio investigated here are structurally characterized as macrocyclic diesters of retronecine and; are therefore, predicted to be among the group of most toxic dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids (Mattocks 1986).
Epidemiological aspects of seneciosis in southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
La reduccion de los niveles de proteinas totales (PT) y albumina (ALB) son indicativos de dano hepatico cronico (2,10) , pero se indica que en la seneciosis, la concentracion de proteinas suele ser normal y la albumina solo disminuiria en las fases finales (19).
El diagnostico de seneciosis y la escasa cantidad de registros de la enfermedad indican que muchas veces estos cuadros pasan desapercibidos.