This study suggested that long term studies on the effect of semiochemicals
and plant extracts towards pests and natural enemies are required before recommending their use as pesticide.
Traps baited with semiochemicals
used to monitor and control populations of C.
SPLAT, developed and patented by ISCA Technologies (Riverside, California USA), is a flowable, amorphous emulsion consisting of oils and waxes that controls semiochemical
Evaluation of semiochemicals
potentially synergistic to a-pinene for trapping the larger European pine shoot beetle Tomicus piniperda (Col.
Microbial volatile emissions as insect semiochemicals
. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39: 840-859.
Attraction of the invasive Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to traps baited with semiochemical
stimuli across the United States.
In this study, we performed behavioral bioassays to determine whether this weevil species produces an aggregation pheromone (i.e., a semiochemical
produced by a sex that attracts both sexes about equally).
153-179 In Nordlund DA, Jones RL, Lewis WJ [eds.], Semiochemicals
, their Role in Pest Control.
56-62 In Cross J, Ioriatti C [eds.], Integrated Fruit Protection in Fruit Crops and Use of Pheromones and other Semiochemicals
in Integrated Control.
Most insect olfactory receptors are located on the antennae, which enables the insect to detect semiochemicals
with high sensitivity and selectivity.
Since the repeated use of pesticides has increased the incidence of resistance in pests, integrated pest management has increasingly focused on the use of semiochemicals
to protect agricultural products (Phillips 1997).
Intercept[TM] panel traps (APTIV Inc., Portland, Oregon, USA) baited with Sirex lure (70% a-pinene, 30% P-pinene; 2.0 g/d release rate) and ultra-high release (UHR) ethanol (0.70 g/d release rate) (Synergy Semiochemicals
Corp., Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada) were used for all years.