One must also acknowledge that that there is an element of semantic interference
which may account for disruption of attentional selectivity during serial recall.
In its current formulation, the RHM does not explain how the degree of similarity could modulate the effect of semantic interference.
Moreover, a recent version of the DRM could also explain why nonproficient bilinguals would not show evidence of semantic interference effects when translating form L2 to L1.
Given that the DRM provides testable explanations regarding the influence of semantic relations across languages in translation recognition, and the role of meaning similarity in determining the magnitude of semantic interference effects, this model was adopted as the main theoretical framework in the present study.
The semantic interference effect evident in the Lag 3 condition replicates other results reported in the literature which indicate that name retrieval involves competition from other exemplars from the same semantic category (e.
Therefore, in Expt 3, we aimed to replicate the reduced semantic interference effects from Lag 1 primes which were evident in the naming latency data of Expt 2.
The results showed a semantic interference effect, that is, pronominal naming latencies were slower in the context of distractor words semantically related to the picture than in the context of semantically unrelated words.
T-tests analyses revealed that the semantic interference effect was significant in both kind of utterances (Full Noun: ti (29) = 2.
Lexical selection processes have been explored by investigating semantic interference in priming and stroop-like interference paradigms (Alario, Segui, & Ferrand, 2000; Cutting & Ferreira, 1998; Starreveld & La Heij, 1996).
Starreveld and La Heij (1996) showed that the presence of semantic interference depends on the SOA used.
Masked priming was used to study the locus of the semantic interference effect.
Although the semantic explanation can account for many of the semantic interference and phonological facilitation effects (see Glaser & Glaser, 1989; and Rayner & Springer, 1986), it has run into difficulties because a number of experiments have shown that semantic interference is reduced and may even disappear whenever the task used does not require a naming response (Humphreys et al.