Within Individual Psychology or Adlerian counseling, teleology deals with purposefulness and the force that guides self-ideal
Blacks were expected to have smaller self-ideal
body-size discrepancy scores; higher overall body esteem, higher body esteem regarding weight and appearance; greater body shape satisfaction; and a lower fear of becoming fat.
There is also considerable support for the validity of the self-ideal
discrepancy as a measure of body dissatisfaction.
The motives for such behaviour turn out to be rooted in the sense of shame or guilt that owning up to the truth would create in the narrator and its potentially devastating impact on his self-image, self-ideal
and sense of worth.
It permits an indirect assessment of self-esteem via discrepancy scores between self-ideal
The differences between the current and ideal figures measured self-ideal
discrepancy (SID) in body image.
The Conradian hero's impelling need to attain his elusive self-ideal
, often deceptively objectified in a woman, is his self-fulfilling prophecy, making his fidelity precisely as durable as his illusions.
These terms included self-love, self-confidence, self-acceptance, self-satisfaction, self-evaluation, self-appraisal, self-worth, self-ideal
, sense of adequacy, personal efficacy, sense of competence, congruence, ego, and ego-strength.
Hampson explores Almayer's Folly in terms of "Almayer's attachment to his self-ideal
" and "Nina's conflict between the identity imposed upon her by her father and an instinctive self she apprehends through her relationship with Dain"; and he explores An Outcast of the Islands "in terms of Willems's unshared self-ideal
and the subsequent disintegration of his false-self system" (p.
The comparison between the average level of self-esteem at T1 (actual self-ideal
self T1) and at T2 (actual self-ideal
self T2) also suggests that graduates experienced an increase in self-esteem over the period of transition, although the difference is not as significant (t = 2.
is the subset of self descriptive behaviors that reflects qualities that the student desires to achieve or maintain through the expenditure of personal efforts.
Others have examined self-ideal
discrepancies in the context of body image and self-esteem (e.