Sources of auditory selective attention
and the effects of methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Casutt and colleagues  described a significant training benefit on overall cognitive performance, but regarding visual attention, those authors presented only descriptive statistics with small effects (d = 0.13-0.31) for selective attention
, field of vision, and divided attention.
This phenomenon has been named as "inhibition of return" (IOR) and became a popular way of simulating selective attention
In the systematic review, playing video games was found to affect attention with gamers showing improvements in sustained attention and selective attention
. Moreover, brain regions involved in attention were more efficient in gamers, requiring less activation to stay focused on demanding tasks.
Our data instead, are more in line with a dual-process account of LPE in which inferences are assumed to interact with an associative process of selective attention
(e.g., Don & Livesey, 2015).
Executive and attentional deficits (1), related to daily activities and proper social relationships have been previously described (1-11), including reading disabilities, sustained attention deficits, selective attention
deficits, divided attention deficits, visuomotor and behavior difficulties.
For example, playing video games affects our attention, and some studies found that gamers show improvements in several types of attention, such as sustained attention or selective attention
. The brain regions involved in attention are also more efficient in gamers and require less activation to sustain attention on demanding tasks.
In the present study we used a rodent model of early childhood oral Mn exposure to determine whether Mn causes enduring impairments in focused and selective attention
, impulse control, and associative ability (learning), using a series of tasks that are variants of the five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT).
In Section 2, by selective attention
mechanism, the features with time-frequency domain correlation traits are extracted while the emotion recognition abilities are analyzed.
There were two types of attention measured as part of this study: selective attention
and divided attention.
The chronic pain group demonstrated greater impairment in long-term memory (p = 0.012), selective attention
(p = 0.002), processing speed (p = 0.003), and executive functioning (p = 0.029) (Table 3).
The subjects took cognitive tests to measure their working memory, selective attention
and processing speed abilities prior to and after using the hearing aids.