selective amnesia


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Related to selective amnesia: selective memory, localized amnesia

amnesia

 [am-ne´zhah]
pathologic impairment of memory. Amnesia is usually the result of physical damage to areas of the brain from injury, disease, or alcoholism. Psychologic factors may also cause amnesia; a shocking or unacceptable situation may be too painful to remember, and the situation is then retained only in the subconscious mind. The technical term for this is repression. (See also dissociative disorders.)

Rarely is the memory completely obliterated. When amnesia results from a single physical or psychologic incident, such as a concussion suffered in an accident or a severe emotional shock, the victim may forget only the incident itself; the victim may be unable to recall events occurring before or after the incident or the order of events may be confused, with recent events imputed to the past and past events to recent times. In another form, only certain isolated events are lost to memory.

Amnesia victims usually have a good chance of recovery if there is no irreparable brain damage. The recovery is often gradual, the memory slowly reclaiming isolated events while others are still missing. Psychotherapy may be necessary when the amnesia is due to a psychologic reaction.
anterograde amnesia impairment of memory for events occurring after the onset of amnesia. Unlike retrograde amnesia, it is the inability to form new memories.
circumscribed amnesia loss of memory for all events during a discrete, specific period of time. Called also localized amnesia.
continuous amnesia loss of memory for all events after a certain time, continuing up to and including the present.
dissociative amnesia the most common of the dissociative disorders; it is usually a response to some stress, such as a threat of injury, an unacceptable impulse, or an intolerable situation. The patient suddenly cannot recall important personal information and may wander about without purpose and in a confused state.

Persons with a dissociative disorder may at times forget what they are doing or where they are; when they regain self-awareness, they cannot recall what has taken place. A less severe form than amnesia is sleepwalking. Dissociative disorders are very likely an attempt by the mind to shield itself from the anxiety caused by an unresolved conflict. The patient, upon encountering a situation that may be symbolic of this inner conflict, goes into a form of trance to avoid experiencing the conflict.
generalized amnesia loss of memory encompassing the individual's entire life.
lacunar amnesia partial loss of memory; amnesia for certain isolated experiences.
post-traumatic amnesia amnesia resulting from concussion or other head trauma. Called also traumatic amnesia. See also amnestic syndrome.
psychogenic amnesia dissociative amnesia.
retrograde amnesia inability to recall events that occurred prior to the episode precipitating the disorder. Unlike anterograde amnesia, it is the loss of memories of past events.
selective amnesia loss of memory for a group of related events but not for other events occurring during the same period of time.
transient global amnesia a temporary episode of short-term memory loss without other neurological impairment.
traumatic amnesia post-traumatic amnesia.
A popular term for amnesia for certain events. As commonly used, selective amnesia refers to a deliberate inability (unwillingness) to recall an event’s details

selective amnesia

Psychology Amnesia for certain events; as commonly used, SA refers to a deliberate inability to recall an event's details. See Amnesia. Cf Anterograde amnesia, Retrograde amnesia.

selective amnesia

Inability to remember events that occurred at the same time as other experiences that are recalled.
See also: amnesia
References in periodicals archive ?
Richard Heeks says, 'Despite the selective amnesia of some Western countries, the fact remains that every significant IT player today was nurtured by government'.
Baguley steers a judicious course between the Scylla of Henri Guillemin's vindictive edits and the Charybdis of Philippe Seguin's selective amnesia, between the surprisingly humane judgments of Zola in the 1890s and the spite-fuelled rhetoric of a so nearly hoodwinked Hugo that for a quarter of a century suffered no entropy.
A truly nasty awakening from the spell cast by three wins under the voluble leadership of David Moyes, it also signalled the end of the selective amnesia that followed clobberings at Chelsea and Newcastle.
For "Extracurricular Activity Projective Reconstruction," the idea is to come up with a number of scenarios of trauma to fill in these blank areas and explain my selective amnesia.
For many pastors, selective dissociation became a warrant for selective amnesia after 1945.
In fact, through processes of selective amnesia, the nation constructed a narrative in which the peasant actors ceased to play a role in the event.
The selective amnesia of scholars about the colonial auspices under which the Moroccan state made its transition to modernity is especially striking.
And while many politicians are hot to boast of its benefits, they seem afflicted with selective amnesia.
The loss of memory of traumatic events is variously called repression, suppression, denial, dissociation, and selective amnesia.
Our extended, robust bull market has provided for some damaging selective amnesia about desperately needed management practices," adds Schiff.
It seems to me that the banks are suffering from selective amnesia in that they have forgotten that without Gordon Brown, the Labour Party and the taxpayer certain banks would not have survived.
Selective amnesia may be playing a part in his view.