segmented genome

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segmented genome

GENOME of a VIRUS divided into segments, each of which encodes one or more ORFs. Segmented genomes are commonly found in RNA viruses. A segmented genome facilitates genetic re-assortment among different viral strains, when present in the same cell, providing a source of variation for the virus.


all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.