segmental bronchus

seg·men·tal bron·chus

[TA]
one of the divisions of the lobar bronchus that supplies a bronchopulmonary segment. In the right lung there are commonly ten: in the superior lobe, the apical (B1) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis apicalis (BI) [TA]; posterior (B2) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis posterior (BII) [TA]; and anterior (B3) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis anterior (BIII) [TA]; in the middle lobe, lateral (B4) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis lateralis (BIV) [TA]; and medial (B5) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis medialis (BV) [TA]; in the inferior lobe, superior (B6) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis superior (BVI) [TA], medial basal (B7) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis medialis (BVII) [TA]; anterior basal (B8) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis anterior (BVIII) [TA]; lateral basal (B9) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis lateralis (BIX) [TA]; and posterior basal (B10) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis posterior (BX) [TA]. In the left lung there are commonly nine: in the superior lobe, the apicoposterior (B1+2) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis apicoposterior (BI+II) [TA]; anterior (B3) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis anterior (BIII) [TA]; superior lingular (B4) segmental bronchus, bronchus lingularis superior (BIV) [TA]; and inferior lingular (B5) segmental bronchus, bronchus lingularis inferior (BV) [NA]; in the inferior lobe, superior (B6) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis superior (BVI) [TA]; medial basal (B7) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis medialis (cardiacus) (BVII) [TA], anterior basal (B8) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis anterior (BVIII) [TA]; lateral basal (B9) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis lateralis (BIX) [TA]; and posterior basal (B10) segmental bronchus, bronchus segmentalis basalis posterior (BX) [TA].
Synonym(s): bronchus segmentalis [TA]
References in periodicals archive ?
Flexible bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for microbial evaluation was performed in the laterobasal segmental bronchus of the RLL.
Bronchoscopy revealed a large tumor obstructing the left upper lobe segmental bronchus. Bronchoscopic biopsies of the mass showed neoplastic cells with large nuclei, scant cytoplasm, and vesicular nuclear chromatin, suggestive of a poorly differentiated malignant process.
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy did not report any anatomical abnormalities or evident lesions in the pharynx, hypopharynx, larynx, main bronchus, interlobar bronchus, lobular bronchus, or segmental bronchus. In the left main bronchus, there were scarce and diffuse mucohemorrhagic secretions in the bronchial tree, predominating in the bronchus for the upper left lobe, with no evidence of apparent active bleeding.
After insertion of a rigid bronchoscope, a guide sheath (Edge[TM] Firm Tip, endobronchial procedure kit, 180[degrees] catheter, Covidien, MA, USA) was first inserted through a flexible bronchoscope (BF-1TH190, Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) in the segmental bronchus close to the target nodule with the previously described ENB technique (superDimension/Bronchus, Herzliya, Israel) [10].
The fibrobronchoscopic exam revealed a normal larynx and trachea, but the right upper lobe bronchial anatomy presented multiple blind fistulas, deviation of anterior segmental bronchus and narrowing of apical segmental bronchus with normal local mucosa.
A short tract runs directly from the oesophagus to the lobar or segmental bronchus. The patients presented in this report had type II BEF.
This lodged 'perfectly' in the right middle lobe segmental bronchus, with resultant great difficulty in its retrieval.
Transplant was received by using selective broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) with sterile 0.85% fluid of ozonized sodium chloride from one of the segmental bronchus of the donor side without signs of endobronchitis and collecting of the lavage material in the silicon "trap", prepared from the disposable syringe which has volume of 20 ml.
Once the tip of the bronchoscope is wedged into the segmental bronchus of interest, the LG is advanced along with the EWC under the guidance provided by the navigation system.
This article reviews the case of a bead lodged in a segmental bronchus.
Bronchoscopic images showed mucosal swelling of the right middle lobe bronchus and mucous plugs in the medial segmental bronchus which could not be removed by forceps and suctioning [Figure 1]b.
During the bronchoscopy it was carried out lavage with use of physiologic saline until the clear irrigated waters from the orifice of segmental bronchus. Subsequently, it was irradiated by the use of the light of gallium-arsenide laser with exposition during 1 minute.