Koster, "Moderate activity and fitness, not sedentary
time, are independently associated with cardio-metabolic risk in U.S.
'Employers should encourage workers to reduce sedentary
work by interrupting sitting and substituting it with standing or walking,' the DOLE said.
Despite strong evidence and recommendations for achieving 150 minutes/week of MVPA, many living with type 2 diabetes do not engage in sufficient physical activity (11-13) and spend much of their time sedentary
. (9) Much of this evidence around physical activity and sedentary
behaviour has been gathered via self-report questionnaires.
Only the youngest group surveyed - 16 to 24-year-olds - are less sedentary
than over-75s on weekdays.
 carried out a study to compare handgrip strength among 100 laborers and sedentary
females and reported higher height, weight, body mass index (BMI), hand length, hand breadth and handgrip strength in the dominant hand of sedentary
females compared to active laborers.
 Only the most physically active persons were "protected" from the increased risk associated with sedentary
To date, the majority of research examining PA and sedentary
time in young adults has utilized self-report measures.
and Transport Activity Questionnaire (STAQ)  assessed the last 4-week PA and SBs in daily life contexts including work, leisure, and transportation.
They cover concepts and the context of sedentary
behavior and health, measuring and analyzing sedentary
behavior and subpopulations, and changing sedentary
The first strategy was designed to interrupt sedentary
time using short breaks of moderate walking and the other strategy used a standard walking program.
Ulf Ekelund, Ph.D., from the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences in Oslo, and colleagues conducted a systematic review and harmonized meta-analysis to examine the dose-response associations between all-cause mortality and accelerometer-assessed total physical activity, different intensities of physical activity, and sedentary