10 8470.0 [+ or -] 9400.3 [+ or -] 279.7 278.5 Total Leukocyte Count Secretory Phase
(Age Group) (mean [+ or -] SEM) p-Value 17-19 yrs.
The mean BT of menstrual phase, proliferative phase, ovulatory phase, and secretory phase
was 117.00, 116.25, 99.88, and 123.75, respectively.
About 39 cases had normal endometrium at either the proliferative or the secretory phases
. This accounts for 8% of the cases and were cases of dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB).
Endometrial biopsies were performed by clinician gynaecologists as an outpatient procedure using an endometrial sampler during the secretory phase
of the menstrual cycle (Z-sampler, Bioteque America Inc., USA).
In women with adenomyosis, in contrast, there was no significant difference in the expression of GPER protein and mRNA level between the proliferative phase and secretory phase
in both the JZ and OM.
Estrogen is the main hormone in the proliferative phase and progesterone in the secretory phase
leading to transformation and stromal decidualization.1
Still on secretory phase
was possible to observe cuticle distention, especially on colleters tip (fig.
In this experimental study, endometrial samples consisted of 10 women with endometriosis (mean age, 28 years) and 10 women without endometriosis (mean age, 31 years) in secretory phase
of menstrual cycles.
To undertook the study total of 56 girls and 74 boys had participated and blood sample was taken to count total and differential WBC count: for boys only one sample was taken and for girls three samples at different phases like first sample on 2nd or 3rd days of menstruation, second during proliferative phase (around 8th to 10th days), and third during secretory phase
(around 22nd to 24th days).
This included 24 (24%) cases with histology of inadequate secretory phase
and 17 (17%) cases of inadequate proliferative phase.
It reveals that the lowest values were recorded during the menstrual phase and the late secretory phase
. The highest value was however observed during the ovulation phase.
In the glandular cells of the normal endometrium, the level of p27 is exceedingly low during the proliferative phase, whereas it is markedly increased during the secretory phase
. The expression of p27 in endometrial carcinoma is very low but has been found to increase following treatment with progesterone.