secondary syphilis


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Related to secondary syphilis: pityriasis rosea

sec·on·dar·y syph·i·lis

the second stage of syphilis See: syphilis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

secondary syphilis

n.
The second and highly infectious stage of syphilis, appearing from seven to ten weeks after the initial exposure, marked by a skin rash, fever, headache, sore throat, and muscle pain.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

secondary syphilis

STD The 2nd stage of syphilis that begins 1 wk to 6 months post initial infection, often manifest as a generalized skin rash simulating many other diseases; SS has been thus called the "great impostor" Clinical Scaly red-brown palmoplantar maculopapules lasting up to 6 wks, ± systemic Sx–fever, myalgias, arthralgias, moist genital warts or condylomata lata; SS is preceded by a genital ulcer and followed by a latency period, during which there are no overt signs of infection Epidemiology 1º and 2º syphilis are very contagious; after lesion clears, infection can become "latent" and lacks overt signs of infection High risks Multiple and/or unknown sex partners, high-risk sex practices, urban areas, low socioeconomic status. See Benign late syphilis, Congenital syphilis, High-risk sexual activity, Latent syphilis, Primary syphilis, Tertiary syphilis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sec·on·dar·y syph·il·is

(sek'ŏn-dar-ē sif'i-lis)
The second stage of syphilis.
See also: syphilis
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

sec·on·dary syph·il·is

(sek'ŏn-dar-ē sif'i-lis)
The second stage of syphilis.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2015, a total number of 433,974 new cases of syphilis in China were reported.[4] Sexual contact accounts for most of the cases; however, infection can also be caused by nonsexual contact with active lesions or by contaminated utensils, razors, or other articles for daily use, so syphilis can transmit among family members.[1],[3] Several years ago, we had reported three cases of Chinese preschoolchildren who contracted secondary syphilis from their caregivers by nonsexual close contact.[5] Recently, it was reported that infants can contract syphilis by mouth-to-mouth transfer of prechewed food from actively infected relatives.[2] In our cases, the grandfather initiated the disease and contagion swept through the family.
In 2015, the rate of reported primary and secondary syphilis in the United States was 7.5 cases per 100,000 population, nearly four times the previous lowest documented rate of 2.1 in 2000 (1).
Primary and secondary syphilis are together referred to as early symptomatic syphilis (national rates and trends in this category are reported in Figures 1-3 and Tables 1 and 2 below).
In immunocompetent patients, secondary syphilis is characterized by fever, malaise, lymphadenopathy, moth-eaten alopecia, focal neurologic findings, condyloma lata, mucocutaneous aphthae, and a generalized papulosquamous eruption.
Lee et al., "Cholestatic hepatitis and thrombocytosis in a secondary syphilis patient," Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol.
(1,6) The Brazilian Ministry of Health defines a single 2,400,000 IU intramuscular dose of penicillin G benzethine as the treatment of choice for both primary and secondary syphilis. However, the tertiary stage of the disease is treated with the same dose, repeated weekly for three weeks.
Secondary syphilis results from the hematogenous or lymphatic spread of the Treponema pallidum spirochete, and often results in dermatologic findings that mimic numerous other conditions.
While rates of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States reached a low in the 1990s and 2000, (1) there has been a steady increase of syphilis in the male population since 2001, particularly in men who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive ([HIV.sup.+]) and men who have sex with men (MSM).
About 55,000 people in the United States become infected with syphilis every year, and 75% of the primary and secondary syphilis cases in 2012 were among men who have sex with men, according to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For both primary and secondary syphilis, cases have been increasing among men who have sex with men since at least 2000.
Despite decreasing rates of primary and secondary syphilis in the late 1990s in the United States, the resurgence of cases in recent years highlights the fact that challenges remain, and the increases among MSM are particularly concerning.
To be sure, EBV is responsible for about 85% of classic mononucleosis syndrome, but you also should consider the possibility of cytomegalovirus, secondary syphilis, toxoplasmosis, or even early primary HIV.