secondary caries

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Related to secondary caries: recurrent caries

sec·on·dar·y car·ies

caries of enamel beginning at the dentoenamel junction due to a rapid lateral spread of decay from the original decay.


(kar'ez, ker') [L. caries, rottenness]
Gradual decay and disintegration of soft or bony tissue or of a tooth. If the decay progresses, the surrounding tissue becomes inflamed and an abscess forms, e.g., chronic abscess, tuberculosis, and bacterial invasion of teeth. In caries, the bone disintegrates by pieces, whereas in necrosis, large masses of bone are involved. Synonym: dental cavitycarious (-re-us), adjective

arrested caries

Apparent lack of progress in a carious lesion as a result of remineralization.

bottle mouth caries

Baby bottle syndrome.

cervical caries

Caries involving the neck of the tooth, slightly above or below the junction between the root cementum and the enamel crown.

dental caries

Progressive decalcification of the enamel and dentin of a tooth; tooth decay. The condition is caused by dental infection, and the erosion of teeth by the acid by-products of bacterial metabolism on their surfaces.


Minimizing the dietary intake of refined sugars and careful toothbrushing twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste reduces the incidence of dental caries. Use of dental floss or tape removes plaque from between adjacent tooth surfaces; deep pits and fissures may be sealed by the application of resins. The sealant may need to be replaced periodically. Early detection and dental restorations offer the best form of control once caries has formed. Topical application of fluoride promotes resistance to dental caries. Dental caries is less likely to develop if appropriate amounts of fluoride are ingested while the teeth are developing. It is important that excess fluoride not be ingested because greater amounts than required (about 1 mg/day) cause mottling of the teeth. Fluoride in the diet does not obviate the need for topical application of fluoride to the teeth.

Synonym: dental cavity See: dental plaqueillustration

incipient caries

One of the two distinct stages in the development of a carious dental lesion. The first stage is the incipient lesion, marked by the appearance of a white spot. Microscopic pores course through the enamel to the subsurface demineralization, where the main body of the lesion is located.

pit and fissure caries

Caries in the pits and fissures of tooth enamel.

radiation caries

Dental caries that develops as a side effect of treatment of malignancies of the oral cavity with ionizing radiation. The etiology is, in part, due to the dysfunction of the salivary glands.

rampant caries

A sudden onset of widespread caries that affects most of the teeth and penetrates quickly to the dental pulp.

recurrent caries

Dental caries that develops at the small imperfections between the tooth surface and a restoration, caused by plaque at the imperfections. Synonym: secondary caries

root caries

Caries on the root of a tooth. The root is more susceptible to decay than the rest of the tooth due to the lack of an enamel covering, difficulty in maintaining a clean root surface, and the lack of effective preventive therapies.

secondary caries

Recurrent caries.

caries sicca

Bony destruction such as that caused by infection with syphilis.

spinal caries

Pott's disease. See: Pott, John Percivall

sec·on·dar·y car·ies

(sekŏn-dar-ē karēz)
Caries of enamel beginning at dentoenamel junction due to a rapid lateral spread of decay from the original site of decay.
References in periodicals archive ?
The presence or absence of secondary caries was scored using a five-point confidence scale; 1=definitely no caries, 2=probably no caries, 3=questionable, 4=probably caries, 5=definitely caries.
secondARy cARies: A LiteRAtuRe Review witH cAse RePoRts.
Complications associated with abutment such as secondary caries and / or pulp pathology and periodontal disease were also noted.The collected data were computed tabulated and analysed using SPSS version 16.
Fluoride release and secondary caries inhibition by adhesive systems on root dentine.
In this study, the absence of tooth sensitivity, surface roughness, secondary caries and vitality loss in the baseline, at 6th and 12th months indicated that the full covering of composite material have provided sufficient protection of the dentin/pulp complex.
OCT has already been shown to be effective in detecting premature and secondary caries, (16,17) and was chosen as the diagnostic method for the evaluation of demineralization depth.
###ization statistics###would inhibit secondary caries###to prevent secondary caries
This results in superior clinical performance and predisposes teeth to secondary caries to almost negligible extent.
Anecdotal evidence of its caries-preventive effect was related to the paucity of reports of secondary caries seen in association with silicate cement despite its high intra-oral solubility [Ewoldson and Herwig, 1998].
The replacement of restorations has been a frequent approach among clinicians, and secondary caries has been the major reason for explaining that.1 Since operative treatment is adopted with no control of the etiologic factors of dental caries, new caries lesions can develop around restorations, leading to the re-restoration of teeth.
Results revealed that the most common reason for the failure and replacement of amalgam restorations was secondary caries, followed by inadequate resistance form.