as due to a putative second-order conditioning process taking place during compound treatment.
(2007), the finding that an excitor (group 0A-2AS) can protect the target CS from extinction can be interpreted as indicative of a putative second-order conditioning process.
Some studies (e.g., Stout, Escobar, & Miller, 2004; Yin, Barnet, & Miller, 1994; see also Gewirtz & Davis, 2000) found that interspersing pairings of a CS (A) with the US (i.e., A[right arrow]US trials) with nonreinforced presentations of CS A in compound with a second CS (X, i.e., AX trials) can result in either second-order conditioning (positive mediation between the response potentials of A and X) or Pavlovian conditioned inhibition (negative mediation between the response potentials of A and X) as a function of the number of AX compound trials.
Also, function transfer from A to B does not require pairing A with B, since transfer can occur through networks of indirect stimulus pairings (AC and CB for example), as in second-order conditioning and sensory preconditioning (e.g., Rizley & Rescorla, 1972).
Temporal integration in second-order conditioning and sensory preconditioning.
Spatial contiguity facilitates Pavlovian second-order conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 5, 152-161.
As outlined previously, it has been shown that respondent conditioning is effective in establishing a particular function for one previously neutral nonsense syllable (i.e., second-order conditioning
Experiment 1 showed the reliability of second-order conditioning (SOC) in causal learning tasks.
Simultaneous conditioning demonstrated in second-order conditioning: Evidence for similar associative structure in forward and simultaneous conditioning.
Second-order conditioning detects unexpressed morphine-induced salt aversion.
Historically, evidence for the demonstration of emergent transitive or mediated relations in nonhumans has come from two lines of research, sensory preconditioning and second-order conditioning. In sensory preconditioning research, original training involves the pairing of two "neutral" stimuli.
Pavlovian second-order conditioning. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.