Families that accommodate a members' change by altering interactional patterns to establish a new homeostasis engage in second-order change
As such, to address this kind of epistemic injustice, a second-order change
stability of abstinence or reduced usage) leads to a second-order change
defined by "a resolution of the problem" (Fraser & Solovey, 2007, p.
This type of second-order change
is not that far-fetched.
Changes like new products, processes, and senior management, as well as mergers and acquisitions, are all examples of second-order change
-change that is radical and can sometimes be catastrophic if initially mismanaged.
A systemic, second-order change
of this nature requires stakeholders to make dramatic shifts in their current practices, so it should not be implemented apart from good professional development.
in psychotherapy; the golden thread that unifies effective treatments.
He discusses the difference between first-order and second-order change
, examines various comprehensive school reform models, and provides a framework of 39 action steps for improving student achievement.
MGH/MS: Please help us to learn about second-order change
and helping to facilitate families learning to do things in qualitative ways.
In contrast to first-order change strategies, recent years have seen the emergence of a "new wave" of cognitive and behavior therapies that place greater emphasis upon second-order change
(Hayes, Masuda, Bisset, Luoma, & Guerrero, 2004).
The MCIM identifies two levels of intervention: first- and second-order change
Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) are credited with identifying and applying first- and second-order change
to family interactions.