This type of second-order change is not that far-fetched.
We must engage in second-order change and aim for true sustainability.
Second-order change in psychotherapy; the golden thread that unifies effective treatments.
discuss first and second-order change using examples and applications to argue that creating second- order change unifies all effective therapy.
He discusses the difference between first-order and second-order change
, examines various comprehensive school reform models, and provides a framework of 39 action steps for improving student achievement.
In contrast to first-order change strategies, recent years have seen the emergence of a "new wave" of cognitive and behavior therapies that place greater emphasis upon second-order change
(Hayes, Masuda, Bisset, Luoma, & Guerrero, 2004).
Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) are credited with identifying and applying first- and second-order change
to family interactions.
Through the process of discovering authentic selves, second-order change
can be achieved.
A second-order change
results from the lack of coincidence between the schemas that were in existence at the initiation of the transformation and the schemas that are espoused by management as part of the transformation (Bartunek and Moch, 1987).
In the same situations, organizations seeking to introduce second-order change
might question the validity of management by budget.
Participants will develop a deeper understanding of how to improve learning with technology integration and promote second-order change
in the classroom.
Many educational innovations have faltered because they were erroneously treated as first-order changes when second-order changes
were in fact required.