David initially proposed that a phenobarbital sedative dose of 60 mg be substituted for each "hypnotic" dose (100 mg in the case of secobarbital
"Eli Lilly stopped producing secobarbital
." Report, supra note
The AAP (2001) lists the following analgesics as maternal medications usually compatible with breastfeeding: acetaminophen (Tylenol[R], Tempra[R] paracetamol), codeine (Empirin[R] #3 #4, Tylenol[R] #3 #4), fentanyl (Sublimaze[R]), ibuprofen (Advil[R], Nuprin[R], Motrin[R], Pediaprofen[R]), ketorolac (Toradol[R], Acular[R]), meperidine (Demerol[R]), methadone (Dolophine[R]), morphine (Duramorph[R], Infumorph[R]), naproxen (Anaprox[R], Naprosyn[R], Aleve[R]), and secobarbital
All their lives were apparently ended by federally controlled drugs, most commonly secobarbital
* (D) twenty of the patients were prescribed nine grams of secobarbital
or penobarbital combined with a number of non lethal prescriptions to be used in conjunction with the lethal medication; (200)
The short-acting and intermediate-acting barbiturates, such as secobarbital
and pentobarbital, are used for induction of general anesthesia.
(Nembutal) Downers, Nembies, Yellow jackets, Yellow submarine Secobarbital
(Seconal) Bullets, Pink ladies.
Codeine S/P ratios were more variable than those of methaqualone, secobarbital
, and diphenhydramine.
Immunoassay screening was performed on all urine specimens using the following tests, cutoff values, and reference substances: amphetamines (d-methamphetamine, 1000 [micro]g/L); barbiturates (secobarbital
, 200 [micro]g/L); benzodiazepines (nordazepam, 100 [micro]g/L); cannabis (11-nor-[Delta]-9-THCCOOH, 50 [micro]g/L); cocaine (benzoylecgonine, 300 [micro]g/L); methadone (300 [micro]g/L); methaqualone (300 [micro]g/L); tricyclic antidepressants (nortriptyline, 300 [micro]g/L); and D-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD, 0.5 [micro]g/L).
Detection limit, mg/L Drug UV 254 nm [Cl.sub.2] HCI HgS[O.sub.4] Acetaminophen 0.50 2.5 NR NR Caffeine 0.10 NR NR NR Carbamazepine 0.20 0.02 0.04 NR Carisoprodol NR NR NR 1.0 Nordiazepam 0.10 0.05 0.1 NR Theophylline 0.20 NR NR NR Secobarbital
NR NR NR 0.2 NR, no obvious reaction with the reagent indicated.
Barbiturates (phenobarbital, butobarbital, and secobarbital
), meprobamate, antidepressant agents (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, imipramine, and clomipramine), phenothiazines (acepromazine, alimemazine, and cyamemazine), and benzodiazepines (diazepam, bromazepam, flunitrazepam, clonazepam, alprazolam, nitrazepam, nordazepam, and prazepam) were extracted from 5 mL of serum, 20 mL of urine, or 20 mL of gastric lavage fluid by Tox-Elut[R] from Varian (Harbor City, CA).
(Our in-house control contained only butalbital and secobarbital
.) Our logs for recording controls were too simple, excluding the compounds and their retention times.