seat belt syndrome

Contusion of anterior abdominal wall caused by lap seat belts, which may produce lumbar spine fractures with horizontal splitting of the vertebral body and posterior arch, trauma to bowel, vessels, spleen and liver; in the US, lap-type safety belts are found in the front seats of older cars, and in the middle back seats of current vehicles

seat belt syndrome

Contusion of anterior abdominal wall caused by lap seat belts, which may produce lumbar spine fractures with horizontal splitting of the vertebral body and posterior arch, trauma to bowel, vessels, spleen and liver; in the US, lap-type safety belts are found in the front seats of older cars, and in the middle back seats of current vehicles. Cf Dashboard fracture, Padded dash(board) syndrome.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Seat belt syndrome [7] is caused by sudden deceleration forces acting between posterior abdominal wall and vertebra causing injury to the organs in between due to one or other mechanisms described above.
This phenomenon, called "Seat Belt Syndrome," has been identified in cases involving serious cervical and lumbar spinal cord injury and intra-abdominal injuries related to poorly fitting seat belts.
Shoulder belts may fall improperly across the child's neck, and the lap belt may lie on the child's abdomen rather than across the hips, leading to possible abdominal injury and what is known as "seat belt syndrome." (1) In spite of these important drawbacks of seat belts for children, previous research has documented that children restrained by seat belts fare much better in crashes than unrestrained children (Hertz 1996; Johnston, Rivara, and Soderberg 1994; Partyka 1988).