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1. Washing the hands, fingernails, and forearms, including the elbows, prior to donning appropriate gowns and gloves to participate in surgery or other sterile procedures. The precise procedure to follow usually is posted in a special area where the washing is done. It typically entails scrubbing with germicidal soap and water, and using a nail brush to remove debris.
2. Preparing the skin of the patient for surgery with an antiseptic solution.