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1. to scrape or rub a surface lightly with the nails or with a sharp or jagged instrument, particularly to relieve itching.
2. a slight wound.
3. to make shallow cuts on a surface.
4. to make a thin grating sound.


(skrach) [ME. cracchen, to scratch]
1. A mark or superficial injury produced by scraping with the nails on a rough surface.
2. To make a thin, shallow cut with a sharp instrument.
3. To rub the skin, esp. with the fingernails, to relieve itching. Scratching temporarily relieves itching by soothing the cutaneous nerves, but in the long run, it may worsen the condition that caused the itching. See: pruritus

Patient discussion about scratch

Q. why do allergy effects comes usually in sorts of sneezing and scratching and more other thing like that?

A. It's because the substances released in the allergic reaction of the immune system to the allergen, like histamine, cause sensation of itching. They also cause increased secretion of mucus from the lining of the throat, which irritates the airway and cause sneezing.

You may read more here:

Q. Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? I am not referring to "cat scratch fever" disease, but an allergy where the site of the scratch becomes swollen and red, and the person has hives and trouble breathing. Thanks so much!

A. Greetings Humble Earthling! It sounds like you have two or more things going on. First, cat scratch fever is caused by a parasite and comes on 1 to 2 weeks after the scratch. Allergic reactions are immediate.
Now, if the site of the scratch is swollen and red, that could be due to minor infection and just the process of healing.

More discussions about scratch
References in periodicals archive ?
Manager Arma Celeste said: "We pride ourselves on a comfortable, homely environment and Itchy and Scratchy are now an important part of our community.
Lev Makarov, head of 2x2 TV, said the channel would have to remove Itchy and Scratchy to avoid breaking the law which comes into force today.
It's not that I am not in good form, I have just been a bit scratchy in the last couple of games, bowling a few no-balls and wides came back again.
2 : causing irritation <a scratchy wool sweater>
Yes, wool is kind of scratchy, but it's also warm and absorbs 30 percent of its weight in water without losing its insulating properties.
Those scratchy video images of desperate people climbing embassy walls and helicopters pushed off aircraft carrier decks and the world's greatest military power reduced to a frantic mob in full retreat replay before the mind's eye.
I refer to the unnamed narrator/hero of the Broadway musical ``The Drowsy Chaperone,'' a man so besotted by a 1920s- era musical comedy that he played his scratchy phonograph record, bringing the show to life in his apartment to simultaneously revere and mock it as circumstances dictate.
In the 1990s, for example, recycled fleece came and went, mostly because the resulting clothes were scratchy and flimsy.
For a spider snacker, the piercing hairs would mean a scratchy meal.
The programme will contain the usual mix of reconstructions from the tribunals, scratchy opera records and a host of TDs who are becoming a dwindling bunch due to the aggressive nature of the questioning.
His scratchy delivery on "A Man Like You" only makes the song more appealing.