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1. to scrape or rub a surface lightly with the nails or with a sharp or jagged instrument, particularly to relieve itching.
2. a slight wound.
3. to make shallow cuts on a surface.
4. to make a thin grating sound.


(skrach) [ME. cracchen, to scratch]
1. A mark or superficial injury produced by scraping with the nails on a rough surface.
2. To make a thin, shallow cut with a sharp instrument.
3. To rub the skin, esp. with the fingernails, to relieve itching. Scratching temporarily relieves itching by soothing the cutaneous nerves, but in the long run, it may worsen the condition that caused the itching. See: pruritus

Patient discussion about scratch

Q. why do allergy effects comes usually in sorts of sneezing and scratching and more other thing like that?

A. It's because the substances released in the allergic reaction of the immune system to the allergen, like histamine, cause sensation of itching. They also cause increased secretion of mucus from the lining of the throat, which irritates the airway and cause sneezing.

You may read more here:

Q. Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? I am not referring to "cat scratch fever" disease, but an allergy where the site of the scratch becomes swollen and red, and the person has hives and trouble breathing. Thanks so much!

A. Greetings Humble Earthling! It sounds like you have two or more things going on. First, cat scratch fever is caused by a parasite and comes on 1 to 2 weeks after the scratch. Allergic reactions are immediate.
Now, if the site of the scratch is swollen and red, that could be due to minor infection and just the process of healing.

More discussions about scratch
References in periodicals archive ?
Ease your scratchy sore throat with an over-the-counter medicine, such as Cepacol Sore Throat Lozenges from Post Nasal Drip, to provide a cooling sensation in the throat and nasal passages.
The scratchy soundtrack of a record skipping reinforces the obsessive quality of the imagery.
Ten Change-Over Marks, 2003, isolates and enlarges the scratchy little circles that flash in the corner of film frames to cue the projectionist for reel changes.
When individuals complain about scratchy throats, hard to breath environments, or eye irritation, a mold may be the source of the problem.
Gemma Donati has rescued his philological attainments from the shadows, or rather from the scratchy remains of his marginalia in Vatican manuscripts, though the poems for which he was best known in his lifetime were published or republished some thirty years ago.
They flicked a leg or hooked it around a partner's without missing a beat of the scratchy, old-time music.
Police officials decided to evacuate concourse B after the self-defence device caused passengers to suffer respiratory distress, scratchy throats, watery eyes, coughing and sneezing at a security screening checkpoint.
He discovers that duck kisses are refreshingly wet and hard; horse kisses are damp, warm, and sticky; and pig kisses are muddy and scratchy, yet surprisingly tender.
If your symptoms are "above the neck" only, as in stuffy nose and scratchy throat, go ahead if you feel like it, but cut back on duration and intensity.
Suddenly, those of us born after the Kennedy assassination are seeing things we used to assume were artifacts of a culture preserved only in black and white movies and scratchy old 78s.
Like an old scratchy home movie, these rough edged constructions seem to flicker onto the walls from the projector of Hassan's memories.