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(skrach) [ME. cracchen, to scratch]
1. A mark or superficial injury produced by scraping with the nails on a rough surface.
2. To make a thin, shallow cut with a sharp instrument.
3. To rub the skin, esp. with the fingernails, to relieve itching. Scratching temporarily relieves itching by soothing the cutaneous nerves, but in the long run, it may worsen the condition that caused the itching. See: pruritus
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Patient discussion about scratch

Q. why do allergy effects comes usually in sorts of sneezing and scratching and more other thing like that?

A. It's because the substances released in the allergic reaction of the immune system to the allergen, like histamine, cause sensation of itching. They also cause increased secretion of mucus from the lining of the throat, which irritates the airway and cause sneezing.

You may read more here:

Q. Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? I am not referring to "cat scratch fever" disease, but an allergy where the site of the scratch becomes swollen and red, and the person has hives and trouble breathing. Thanks so much!

A. Greetings Humble Earthling! It sounds like you have two or more things going on. First, cat scratch fever is caused by a parasite and comes on 1 to 2 weeks after the scratch. Allergic reactions are immediate.
Now, if the site of the scratch is swollen and red, that could be due to minor infection and just the process of healing.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Scratchers could have spared themselves from trouble, however, had they not lost hold of their 20-point third quarter lead.
Newcomer Santi Santillan contributed 15 points and six rebounds while Justin Gutang finished with 13 points, eight rebounds, and five assists to give the Scratchers a big boost.
TheCat Scratcher Lounge byPetFusiongives cats their own curvy scratching surface to let them exercise their natural instinct and a comfy space to take an afternoon siesta.
Matt Salem scored 15 points spiked by four triples, Porter scored 14 and Ron Dennison had 11 points, seven rebounds and five assists for the Scratchers.
But there's still some room for improvement because we turn the ball over too much,' said coach Charles Tiu, noting the Scratchers' 30 turnovers, 11 more than the Altas.
In addition to the psychological relief scratching may offer, such as distracting a macaque from its situation, the study says it could serve as an alert system: "Given the overt visual nature of scratching, there is also potential for these behaviors to alert others to the state of the scratcher, and therefore have communicative function within a social environment.
One of its cardboard scratchers has a cartoon picture of a fishbone on both sides of the product, which has been for sale since 2008.
The action, taken by Durham County Council's environmental health and consumer protection team, was carried out as part of a "Catch a Scratcher" campaign.
The home tattooists - or 'Scratchers' - the artwork is awful."
Men, he wrote, "are exempt from having to run out and buy lottery scratchers and Hershey bars from the corner stores" until Tuesday.
Tuesday, December 3rd -- Scratcher Day: Scratchers redeemable for free prizes for the first 500 customers.
The scratchers, which are created from a combination of cashmere, carded Virgin lambs' wool and Mongolian horse hair laid over hand tied springs, cost more than [euro]160,000 each.