scratch

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scratch

(skrach)
1. to scrape or rub a surface lightly with the nails or with a sharp or jagged instrument, particularly to relieve itching.
2. a slight wound.
3. to make shallow cuts on a surface.
4. to make a thin grating sound.

scratch

(skrach) [ME. cracchen, to scratch]
1. A mark or superficial injury produced by scraping with the nails on a rough surface.
2. To make a thin, shallow cut with a sharp instrument.
3. To rub the skin, esp. with the fingernails, to relieve itching. Scratching temporarily relieves itching by soothing the cutaneous nerves, but in the long run, it may worsen the condition that caused the itching. See: pruritus

Patient discussion about scratch

Q. why do allergy effects comes usually in sorts of sneezing and scratching and more other thing like that?

A. It's because the substances released in the allergic reaction of the immune system to the allergen, like histamine, cause sensation of itching. They also cause increased secretion of mucus from the lining of the throat, which irritates the airway and cause sneezing.

You may read more here:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histamine

Q. Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? Is there any information out there regarding a severe allergy to cat scratches? I am not referring to "cat scratch fever" disease, but an allergy where the site of the scratch becomes swollen and red, and the person has hives and trouble breathing. Thanks so much!

A. Greetings Humble Earthling! It sounds like you have two or more things going on. First, cat scratch fever is caused by a parasite and comes on 1 to 2 weeks after the scratch. Allergic reactions are immediate.
Now, if the site of the scratch is swollen and red, that could be due to minor infection and just the process of healing.

More discussions about scratch
References in periodicals archive ?
As my fat tires scratched along on the roadway, I could hear the jingling of climber's belts as a parade of folks strapped on equipment for ascents of the park's famous rock faces.
Jo, aged 35, an IT technician, was outraged at the damage to her red Peugeot 206, which was scratched along the passenger side.
His silver Ferrari Spider sports car, worth pounds 125,000, was scratched along its bodywork while parked outside the city centre apartment late last year.
The most common damage was keys scratched along the bodywork (53 per cent) followed by smashed windows and wing mirrors (33 per cent), bent aerials (26 per cent), punctured tyres (14 per cent) stolen badges (11 per cent) and scrawled graffiti on paintwork (four per cent).
O'Brien's Yesterday, who has yet to run this season, has also been scratched along with stablemate Baraka, Patrick Haslam's Kinnaird and New Morning, who landed a Listed event for Michael Jarvis at Salisbury on Wednesday.