sclerotome

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sclerotome

 [skle´ro-tōm]
1. an instrument used in incision of the sclera.
2. the area of a bone innervated from a single spinal segment.
3. one of the paired masses of mesenchymal tissue, separated from the ventromedial part of a somite, which develop into vertebrae and ribs.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

scle·ro·tome

(sklē'rō-tōm),
1. A knife used in sclerotomy.
2. The group of mesenchymal cells emerging from the ventromedial part of a somite and migrating toward the notochord. Sclerotomal cells from adjacent somites become merged in intersomitically located masses that are the primordia of the centra of the vertebrae.
[sclero- + G. tomē, a cutting]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

scle·ro·tome

(skler'ō-tōm)
1. A knife used in sclerotomy.
2. The group of mesenchymal cells emerging from the ventromedial part of a mesodermic somite and migrating toward the notochord. Sclerotomal cells from adjacent somites become merged in intersomitically located masses that are the primordia of the centra of the vertebrae.
[sclero- + G. tomē, a cutting]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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References in periodicals archive ?
In 1979, Murray and McCredie [14] suggested that an early embryonic abnormality of a spinal sensory nerve affecting a single sclerotome resulted in bony overgrowth.
The body of atlas vertebra derives from the primitive fourth occipital and first cervical sclerotomes. Three or more ossification centers form the atlas [1].
This theory has arisen from the observation that the bone and soft tissues affected by melorheostosis belong to functional units called sclerotomes, analogous to dermatomes or myotomes.
It presents maps of dermatomes, myotomes, sclerotomes and acupuncture channels in the head, trunk and limbs.