Treatment options include open or endoscopic surgery, steroid injection, injection of sclerosing agents
, cryotherapy, and radiation therapy.
5 The sclerosing agents
include sodium tetradecyl sulfate and monoethanolamine oleate.
1,9,11-12,6] In the past, different kinds of therapy such as aspiration and injection of sclerosing agents
were applied to these tumours.
Because the prefix "prolo" is thought to refer to proliferation or regeneration, some physicians prefer the term "sclerotherapy" when injecting sclerosing agents
Patients had received local injections of sclerosing agents
including pingyangmycin but had poor effects.
According to reported literatures, the rationale for the use of foam sclerosing agents
was replacement of blood by the sclerosing foams and to ensure that the sclerosant may get in close contact with the venous intima [16-18].
7] Recently, percutaneous aspiration of renal cysts along with injection of sclerosing agents
(such as alcohol) have been explored as a potential treatment option.
Such cases can be treated more conservatively with embolization and sclerosing agents
Many modes of therapy have been advised for hemangiomas, which include cautery, cryotherapy, radiotherapy and sclerosing agents
A number of sclerosing agents
are available, including a hypertonic solution of sodium chloride (23.
The procedure involves use of coils and sclerosing agents
to block blood flow to the dilated vessels in the varicocele.
The range of treatment includes steroid therapy, carbon dioxide or argon laser therapy, sclerosing agents
, surgical excision with or without ligation of vessels and embolization.