Arguably, one of the main controversies that surrounds the diagnosis of epididymal cysts is whether to manage them conservatively, or to intervene with surgery or sclerosant
injection (this is an uncommon option in contemporary management due to increased levels of pain and/or fibrosis).
injection therapy (Using 5% phenol in almond oil), Lord's Procedure, Rubber band ligation, Photocoagulation, Cryotherapy are some of the treatment modalities used for first- and second-degree haemorrhoids.
Moreover, we used gelfoam particles to avoid complications associated with sclerosant
use, such as pulmonary embolism, pulmonary edema, portal vein thrombosis, renal failure, and anaphylactic reaction.
Treatment of achalasia by injection of sclerosant
substances: a long-term report.
Oxytetracycline as a sclerosant
in the management of Morel-Lavallee lesions.
Alternative techniques such as aspiration, internal drainage, intratumoral sclerosant
application and incomplete resection result in recurrence rates of 90-100%.
Of the 27 studies included, majority of reported adverse events were pulmonary embolism, 12/27 (44.44%), and splenic infarction, 9/27 (33.33%), while others include cases of portal vein, renal vein embolism, sclerosant
extravasation, myocardial infarction, diaphragmatic embolism, cerebral infarction, right atrium emboli, esophageal variceal embolism, and subsequent septicemia or DIC.
such as morrhuate sodium can be injected into the GJ aperture, inciting an inflammatory reaction with edema and subsequent fibrosis, thus reducing stoma diameter.
Pascarella L, Bergan JJ, Yamada C et al (2005) Venous angiomata: treatment with sclerosant
The efficacy of ethanol was not compared with another sclerosant
Sclerotherapy is the targeted elimination of small vessels, varicose veins and vascular anomalies by injection of a sclerosant
.5 The sclerosing agents include sodium tetradecyl sulfate and monoethanolamine oleate.
(19) ,28,33,34 Operators are cautioned when using high amount of outflow occlusion as sclerosant
can reflux into the arterial system if injected too quickly.