scientific method


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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, and again based on experience with the history of scholarship into the scientific method, we can accelerate explication of the "entrepreneurial method" if we adopt a pragmatist perspective from the outset.
Science is a form of inquiry and it is supposed to adhere to a general form of the scientific method. Science poses questions, asserts hypotheses, designs and carries out (experimental) methods, makes observations, and reaches conclusions that can be interpreted and debated in a variety of ways.
Discuss how Matt used the scientific method to determine if his hypothesis was correct.
Classroom discussion was then opened again to dialogue about science, scientific method, and, of course, sex.
The scientific method, which has faithfully served the academic and scientific communities for cons, is clearly anchored in data-driven analysis.
The Scientific Method http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/ncea sweb/kids/experiments/scimethod/ scimethod.html
To demystify the scientific method, know that it is already used in everyday life and in many activities within long-term care facilities.
Edmund (2005) states that the term "'the scientific method' represents the general pattern of mental activity stages (usually aided by physical activities) that occur in the master method, which we use to obtain, refine, extend, and apply knowledge in all fields.
Through SCI 150, students become familiar with the principles and practice of the scientific method in the context of forensics.
Even though the scientific method seems to have great potential for answering educational questions, there is no intent to imply that all educational problems can be solved scientifically.
The book is written in a clear style that even a thoughtful middle-school student can understand, while being challenged by the sophisticated vocabulary and the solid scientific method of the research.
(9.) Saud, Muhammad, The Scientific Method of Ibn al-Haytham (Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 1990); Omar, Saleh B., Ibn al-Haytham's Optics: A Study of the Origins of Experimental Science (Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1977); Anton, Heinen, "al-Biruni and al-Haytham: A Comparative Study of Scientific Method" in Said, Hakim Mohammed (ed.), al-Biruni Commemorative Volume (Karachi: Hamdard National Foundation, 1979), 501-13.

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