schizotypal personality disorder

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schizotypal personality disorder

 
a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of social and interpersonal deficits with eccentricities of behavior, thought, and speech. People with schizotypal personalities may exhibit magical thinking, for example, claiming that they are clairvoyant or telepathic, may have recurrent illusions, or may exhibit derealization. Their speech is marked by vagueness, metaphors, odd usages of words, and other features that can make it difficult to understand. Persons with this disorder often are aloof and socially isolated with little capability or desire for close relationships, excessive social anxiety, suspiciousness, and disturbed affect. Although the disorder is related to schizophrenia, it differs in that any periods of psychosis are only transient.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

schizotypal personality disorder

1. an enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

schizotypal personality disorder

(skĭt′sə-tī′pəl)
n.
A personality disorder characterized by severe discomfort with close relationships in addition to odd or inappropriate beliefs, behaviors, and speech, but without delusions or other symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

schizotypal personality disorder

301.22 DSM-IV Psychiatry A schizophrenia-like condition characterized by defects in interpersonal relationships and disturbed thought patterns, appearance, behavior; Pts with SPD have bizarre speech, poor social skills, strained relationships with others; it is more common in relatives of schizophrenic. See Schizophrenia.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

schiz·o·typ·al per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der

(skiz'ō-tīp'ăl pĕr-sŏn-al'i-tē dis-ōr'dĕr)
An enduring and pervasive pattern of behavior in adulthood characterized by discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentric behavior. People with such a disorder hold ideas that are considered unusual, and have difficulty relating to others.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of variance between mental disorders and duration of benefits showed (Table 2) that benefits were, on average, longer for category "other" (F0-F9, F50-F59, F60-F69, F70-F79 and F90-F98), 159.9 days ([+ or -] 78.5; 95%CI 131.6-188.2) followed by schizophrenia, schizotypal, delusional and other non-mood psychotic disorders (F20-F29), 132.6 days ([+ or -] 70.3; 95%CI 124.7-140.5) and mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (F10-F19), 125.4 days ([+ or -]64.9; 95%CI 114.4-136.3).
DSM-V Neuroticism Anxiety, Hostility, [up arrow] borderline Depression, Shyness, [down arrow] schizoid Timidity, Impulsivity, Vulnerability Warmth, Sociability, [up arrow] histrionic Extraversion Assertiveness, [down arrow] avoidant Persistence, Energy, Activism, Seeking novelty, Positive emotions Openness Fantasy, Aesthetics, [up arrow] schizotypal Sentimental, Actions, [down arrow] paranoid Ideas, Values Confidence, Sincerity, [up arrow] dependent Agreeability Honesty, Altruism, [down arrow] Obedience, Modesty, narcissistic Sensibility, Tenderness Spirit of competition, [up arrow] obsessive- Conscientiousness Order, Sense of duty, compulsive Hard-working, Self- [down arrow] antisocial disciplined, Cautious
There are 14 personality disorder scales in MCMI-III, which include: 1, schizoid; 2A, avoidant; 2B, depressive; 3, dependent; 4, histrionic; 5, narcissistic; 6A: antisocial; 6B, aggressive (sadistic); 7, compulsive; 8A, passive-aggressive (negativistic); 8B, masochistic and severe personality disorders (Schizotypal); 8C, borderline; and P, paranoid.
Carsten Hjorthøj, Ph.D., from Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark, and colleagues conducted a prospective cohort study which included a population-based sample of 2,539 individuals born in Denmark with an incident diagnosis of schizotypal disorder and without a previous
There is some consensus about the association between negative schizotypal features and deteriorated SWB in the form of lower life satisfaction and greater negative affect (Abbott & Byrne, 2012; Weintraub & Weisman de Mamani, 2015).
Schizotypal and antisocial personality disorders were not identified in the two study groups (Table 2).
The study population involved individuals with the following diagnostic categories (due to ICD-10): personality disorders (F60), eating disorders (F50), neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (F40-F48), mood disorders (F30-F34), schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders (F20-F29).
Individuals with high levels of schizotypal traits have an enhanced risk of psychosis, and the psychosis continuum hypothesis posits that the same biological factors that underpin schizotypy contribute to the development of schizophrenia.
The representation of borderline, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal personality disorders by the five-factor model.
A psychiatrist testified that his decision to leave his post was influenced by a schizophrenia-like condition called schizotypal personality disorder that made it hard to understand the consequences of his actions, as well as post-traumatic stress disorder brought on partly by a difficult childhood.
Results from PDQ Alc + Coc Alc Coc Variables (n = 366) (n = 162) (n = 122) Any personality disorder; n (%) 190 (52) 85 (53) 52 (43) Type; n (%) Paranoid 78 (21) 26 (16) 14 (12) Schizoid 21 (5) 15 (9) 5 (4) Schizotypal 36 (10) 18 (11) 5 (4) Antisocial 66 (18) 12 (7) 17 (14) Borderline 79 (21) 29 (18) 17 (14) Histrionic 29 (8) 8 (5) 3 (3) Narcissist 28 (8) 10 (6) 7 (6) Avoidant 73 (20) 30 (16) 17 (14) Dependent 37 (10) 15 (9) 4 (3) Obsessive 58 (16) 38 (24) 19 (16) Passive-aggressive 38 (10) 15 (9) 11 (9) Depressive 65 (18) 43 (27) 20 (16) p (Alc + Coc p (Alc + Coc Variables vs.
[12] They also found that patients with first episode and chronic schizophrenia and people with schizotypal features reported lower levels of abstract anticipatory pleasure, but not all of them reported lower levels of contextual anticipatory pleasure compared with healthy controls.