schizocarp

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schizocarp

a dry fruit developing from a SYNCARPOUS ovary that splits into one-seeded portions. An example is the fruit of fennel.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
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One is the 'Serjania group', comprising schizocarpic genera like Serjania, Houssayanthus and Lophostigma, and the other clade ('Paullinia group') consists of the mainly septifragal genera Paullinia, Cardiospermum and Urvillea (WECKERLE; RUTISHAUSER, 2005).
altissima, lateral bundles occur separately probably due to the late process of the schizocarpic fruit, which is separated in winged mericarps.
ulmacea, these authors described that any line of dehiscence is formed by oxalate crystals and fruit are easily separated by hands into winged mericarps seeming to be exclusively septifragal capsules and the schizocarpic fruit description for this species is incorrect.
In agreement with Weckerle and Rutishauser (2005), in Paullinieae, schizocarpic fruit or septifragal capsules are structurally similar and, as in the ovarian wall, the pericarp gives useful anatomical characters to the generic and infrageneric grouping in Sapindaceae.
In some cases the entire fruit is the unit of dispersal and in others the fruits are dehiscent as capsules that shed multiple seeds, or schizocarpic, falling into separate winged mericarps at maturity.
If the fruit falls into separate units, each containing one or more seeds, it is termed "schizocarpic," with the separated units termed "mericarps." Fruit sizes are variable within and among species of each genus, but are useful, in combination with other characters, in the identification process.
Schizocarpic fruits, in which the fruit falls completely apart into separate mericarps, characterize Apicaceae, and Rhamnaceae.