schedules of reinforcement

sched·ules of re·in·force·ment

in the psychology of conditioning, established procedures or sequences for reinforcing operant behavior; for example, in a lever-pressing situation, every displacement of the lever will bring a pellet of food or comparable reinforcer (continuous reinforcement schedule), or the reinforcer will come at every 5 seconds, regardless of how many displacements occur earlier (fixed-interval reinforcement schedule), at every tenth displacement (fixed-ratio reinforcement schedule), or on an average of every 5 seconds (variable-interval reinforcement schedule), or the reinforcer will come in a noncontinuous fashion in which less than 100% of the displacements bring a reinforcer (intermittent reinforcement schedule).
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During baseline, key pecks were arranged on equal multiple variable interval schedules of reinforcement in the presence of two stimuli.
Today, there are entire generations of trainers and dog owners who have grown up training with only flat collars and classical conditioning, variable schedules of reinforcement, and other humane, effective training tools.
Baseline schedules of reinforcement were based on those derived from a pre-treatment functional analysis.
For instance, schedules of reinforcement of the type differential reinforcement of low rate (DRL--Kirkpatrick, Marshall, Clarke, & Cain, 2013; Hankosky & Gulley, 2013) and fixed interval (FI--Berger & Sagvolden, 1998; Dellu-Hagedorn, 2006; Munn & McNaughton, 2008; Orduna, 2015) have been used to obtain measures of motor impulsivity.
From our perspective, and omitting such critiques, the most pertinent comparison procedure seems to be chained schedules of reinforcement (Ferster & Skinner, 1957).
Skinner and behavioral psychologist Charles Ferster publish Schedules of Reinforcement, which describes experiments in which pigeons are shown an "antecedent stimulus" such as a colored light and then given rewards of food when they exhibit a desired behavior, such as pecking a spot on the wall, at the same time.
Escape and avoidance responses of preschoolchildren to two schedules of reinforcement withdrawal.
Schedules of reinforcement were developed to systematically shape the consistent use of diplomatic questioning that was resistant to extinction.
Various kinds of intermittent schedules of reinforcement are more likely to be found in natural settings than CRFs.
Shown on PET imaging, deficits in dopamine synaptic markers found in these brain regions "could underlie the clinical evidence of abnormal responses to reward in ADHD,'" which include "failure to delay gratification, impaired response to partial schedules of reinforcement, and preference for small immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards," said Dr.
Homer and Peterson (1980) reported that DRO schedules of reinforcement produce rapid inhibition of response in applied settings and that no undesirable side effects of the intervention had been reported in the literature.
The use of private knowledge is well documented in Ferster's and Skinner's book Schedules of Reinforcement (1957).

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