schedules of reinforcement

sched·ules of re·in·force·ment

in the psychology of conditioning, established procedures or sequences for reinforcing operant behavior; for example, in a lever-pressing situation, every displacement of the lever will bring a pellet of food or comparable reinforcer (continuous reinforcement schedule), or the reinforcer will come at every 5 seconds, regardless of how many displacements occur earlier (fixed-interval reinforcement schedule), at every tenth displacement (fixed-ratio reinforcement schedule), or on an average of every 5 seconds (variable-interval reinforcement schedule), or the reinforcer will come in a noncontinuous fashion in which less than 100% of the displacements bring a reinforcer (intermittent reinforcement schedule).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, future researchers might consider varying the schedules of reinforcement to increase the rate of reinforcement for the mands compared to the problem behavior.
Today, there are entire generations of trainers and dog owners who have grown up training with only flat collars and classical conditioning, variable schedules of reinforcement, and other humane, effective training tools.
Baseline schedules of reinforcement were based on those derived from a pre-treatment functional analysis.
In a recent study by Mangieri, Cofresi, and Gonzales (2012), these authors found that after limited, but not extended instrumental training, ethanol seeking was sensitive to outcome devaluation in rats trained under either variable ratio (VR) or variable interval (VI) schedules of reinforcement; in contrast, responding after both limited and extended training was not sensitive to outcome devaluation when a VI schedule was used.
Skinner and behavioral psychologist Charles Ferster publish Schedules of Reinforcement, which describes experiments in which pigeons are shown an "antecedent stimulus" such as a colored light and then given rewards of food when they exhibit a desired behavior, such as pecking a spot on the wall, at the same time.
Escape and avoidance responses of preschoolchildren to two schedules of reinforcement withdrawal.
Schedules of reinforcement were developed to systematically shape the consistent use of diplomatic questioning that was resistant to extinction.
Schedules of reinforcement. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Schedules of Reinforcement. A reinforcing stimulus following some behavior increases the likelihood of that behavior occurring in the future.
Shown on PET imaging, deficits in dopamine synaptic markers found in these brain regions "could underlie the clinical evidence of abnormal responses to reward in ADHD,'" which include "failure to delay gratification, impaired response to partial schedules of reinforcement, and preference for small immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards," said Dr.

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