scavenger cell


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phag·o·cyte

(fag'ō-sīt),
A cell that can ingest bacteria, foreign particles, and other cells. Phagocytes ingest and kill microbes, present antigen to lymphocytes, scavenge degenerating material, and release mediators. classes: 1) microphages, polymorphonuclear leukocytes that ingest chiefly bacteria; 2) macrophages, mononucleated cells (histiocytes and monocytes) that are largely scavengers, ingesting dead tissue and degenerated cells.
[phago- + G. kytos, cell]

scavenger cell

[skav′ənjər]
Etymology: ME, scavager + L, cella, storeroom
a phagocytic cell that removes tissue debris and some invading pathogens. It may or may not be mobile.

scavenger cell

A nonspecific term for a phagocytic cell; macrophage.

scavenger cell

References in periodicals archive ?
The concentrate from the scavenger cells and the tailings from the first cleaner cells of each circuit report back to the 14.
As a result, the fatty material builds up in scavenger cells of the immune systems, called macrophages.
The first 48 ft downstream of the drop box from the Dorr-Oliver scavenger cells is a zone of turbulence.
Preclinical studies carried out by Narula, Hartung, Petrov and colleagues at Hahnemann Hospital in Philadelphia provided data supporting the theory that unstable atherosclerotic plaque in coronary blood vessels that may rupture, causing sudden death, is characterized by a large number of scavenger cells called macrophages which are undergoing programmed cell death (apoptosis).
It stimulates macrophages, natural immune scavenger cells, which, once activated, seek out and destroy the patients' cancer cells.
But he suggests that immune-system scavenger cells in the brain may directly contribute to the Alzheimer's scenario by over-producing beta amyloid themselves.