The researchers have successfully conserved the main advantage of titanium oxide nanobar in the light scattering layer
, and they have overcome the problem of decreasing the surface area.
In the newly designed organic solar cell, light first enters a 100-nanometer-thick "scattering layer
," a geometrically-patterned dielectric layer designed to maximize the amount of light transmitted into the cell.
They were racing offshore to begin diving into the deep scattering layer. This much we knew.
Adult bluefin, deep divers, are hunting the depths to 3,300 feet in search of squid and crustaceans in the deep scattering layer. BP's oil will wallop them at all stages of their lives.
KEY WORDS: pelagic shrimps, deep scattering layer
, geographical distribution, vertical migration, swarming behavior
Park et al., "A light scattering layer
for internal light extraction of organic light-emitting diodes based on silver nanowires," ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol.
Hinsch, "Influence of scattering layers
on efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol.
When using 37 nm Ti[O.sub.2] nanoparticle as the front scattering layer
for DSSCs, it can more effectively scatter a portion of the incident light into larger oblique angles and therefore increase optical paths and absorption, beneficial to DSSC efficiencies.
When the light is gradually scattered with wavelength, the smaller particle underlayer will recapture the scattering light gradually from the above scattering layer
. Figure 10 shows the photo current-voltage curves of DSSCs with triple-layer structure of Ti[O.sub.2] layers.
The dye adsorption capacity was comparable for samples 1 and 3, suggesting that the scattering layer
maintains a high dye-adsorption capacity.
Therefore, the maximum number of scattering layers
is 2 in our experiments.
Data on vertical distribution of temperature, salinity, water density, current speed, dissolved oxygen concentration, phytoplankton biomass, and sound scattering layers
(mainly formed by fish schools) could be complemented by a traditional sampling on board a research vessel coming from time to time to visit the glider.