In this line, trunk musculature can act in the stabilization, transfer and anticipation for the functional performance of the upper limbs because they are related to the scapulothoracic
(15, 37) And, it has been demonstrated that patients with slouched scapulothoracic
postures have decreased shoulder abduction ROM and posterior scapular tilting as well as decreased muscle force in glenohumeral abduction above 90[degrees].
stability plays an important role in the process of transmitting the force from the lower limb and trunk to the upper limb during oscillation (Kibler and McMullen, 2003; Matias and Pascoal, 2006).
arthrodesis has been described as the method of treatment for those cases .
(19) and the increased stabilization of the scapulothoracic
muscles when using rotational load.
Cervical and scapulothoracic
stabilization exercises with and without connective tissue massage for chronic mechanical neck pain: A prospective, randomised controlled trial.
and glenohumeral kinematics following an external rotation fatigue protocol.
[1,2,3,4] Arthrodesis is irreversible, relies on scapulothoracic
motion and permits only a limited range of abduction and includes a high incidence of complications, e.g., fractures [1,2] and pseudoarthrosis.
KEY WORDS: Extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Snapping scapula, Scapulothoracic
Electromyographic activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature during scapulothoracic
In addition, the following exclusion criteria were used: (1) rotator cuff disorder (i.e., tendinitis and partial-thickness or full-thickness tears), (2) biceps tendinitis or calcific tendinitis, (3) previous ipsilateral breast surgery, cervical radiculopathy, or chest wall tumor, (4) previous cerebrovascular accident, (5) previous humeral shaft fracture, scapulothoracic
abnormalities, acromioclavicular arthritis, or clavicle fracture, (6) being diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism, and (7) a present history of clinically confirmed any other disease causing the increased levels of IL-1[beta].
At a larger angle, shoulder abduction occurs at a 2:1 ratio between the glenohumeral joint through abduction of the humerus and the scapulothoracic
joint by lateral rotation of the scapula.