scaphocephaly


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Related to scaphocephaly: oxycephaly, trigonocephaly

scaphocephaly

 [skaf″o-sef´ah-le]
abnormal length and narrowness of the skull as a result of premature closure of the sagittal suture. adj., adj scaphocephal´ic, scaphoceph´alous.

scaph·o·ceph·a·ly

(skaf'ō-sef'ă-lē),
A form of craniosynostosis that results in a long, narrow head in which the parietal eminences are absent and frontal and occiptal protrusions are conspicuous; there may be a crest indicating the site of a prenatally closed sagittal suture; sometimes accompanied by mental retardation.
[scapho- + G. kephalē, head]
A defect in infant skull shape caused by premature closure of the sagittal, parietotemporal, sphenotemporal, and sphenoparietal sutures, resulting in an anteroposterior elongation of the skull

scaphocephaly

Boat-shaped skull Pediatrics A defect in infant skull shape caused by premature closure of the sagittal, parietotemporal, sphenotemporal, and sphenoparietal sutures, resulting in an anteroposterior elongation of the skull. See Craniostenosis.

scaph·o·ceph·a·ly

(skaf'ŏ-sef'ă-lē)
A form of craniosynostosis that results in a long narrow head.
Synonym(s): cymbocephaly, sagittal synostosis, scaphocephalism, tectocephaly.
[scapho- + G. kephalē, head]
References in periodicals archive ?
Plagiocephaly, already referred to in the section on scaphocephaly, is characterized by an asymmetrical distortion (lateral flattening) of the skull.
Starr et al., "New scaphocephaly severity indices of sagittal craniosynostosis: a comparative study with cranial index quantifications," The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, vol.
Infants with scaphocephaly should be referred to a specialist centre before the age of 6 months.
Plagiocephaly due to metopic suture foreclosure and Scaphocephaly in agirl of 4 years were the other cases.
Complete correction of severe scaphocephaly: the Melbourne method of total vault remodeling.
The period of maintenance of sutures in general has been suggested as a pre-condition for the continuous growth of the bones (Watzek et al., 1982) and as an indirect factor for the normal growth of the skull (Hinton et al., 1984 apud Manzanares et al.), because of that the early closure of the metopic suture results in cranial morbid deformities known as scaphocephaly (Plese et al.,1990; Moore).