scalenus


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sca·lene

(skā'lēn),
1. Having sides of unequal length, said of a triangle so formed.
2. One of several muscles so named.
Synonym(s): scalenus
[G. skalēnos, uneven]

scalenus

(skā-lē′nəs)
n. pl. scale·ni (-nī, -nē)

scalenus

[skālē′nəs]
Etymology: Gk, skalenos
one of a group of four muscles arising from the cervical vertebrae with insertions on the first or second rib.

scalenus

(skā-lē′nŭs) [L., uneven]
One of three deeply situated muscles on each side of the neck, extending from the tubercles of the transverse processes of the third through sixth cervical vertebrae to the first or second rib. The three muscles are the scalenus anterior (anticus), medius, and posterior.
References in periodicals archive ?
There have been reports of anomalous muscular slips between scalenus anterior and scalenus medius muscles.
There also have been few case reports of absence of scalenus anterior muscle.
Structures in this region commonly assessed by clinicians include the cervical lymph nodes, external jugular vein, brachial plexus, SCM and scalenus muscles.
In one subject, a vein was identified between the scalenus anterior and scalenus medius muscles amongst the trunks (see Figure 5).
The muscles most commonly involved in the thoracic outlet region are the two scalene muscles (scalenus anterior and scalenus medius) attaching to the first rib, the subclavius muscle attaching between the clavicle and first rib, and the pectoralis minor attaching at the coracoid process.
Surgical treatment for symptoms produced by cervical ribs and the scalenus anticus muscle.
It passes between longus colli and scalenus anterior muscle, behind the common carotid artery and the vertebral vein through the foramina in the transverse processes of all of the cervical vertebrae except the seventh, curves medially behind the lateral mass of the atlas and enters the cranium via the foramen magnum.
The key points in both the approaches are (1) complete resection of bony, cartilaginous, and fibrous parts of (2) complete resection of the scalenus anterior muscle at the scalene tubercle on the first rib and (3) arterial exploration and reconstruction.
Passive treatment included manipulative therapy of the cervical and thoracic spine, ischemic compression of trigger points and cross frictional massage of the pectoralis major and minor, the scalenus group and the sub-occipital group of muscles.
Complete dissection of the neck was done and the roots were followed up to the intervertebral foramina by removing scalenus anterior muscle.
In the root of neck each artery arches across the dome of pleura behind the scalenus anterior muscle which divides it into three parts viz.
A variant of omohyoid presenting as an additional muscle belly extending between clavicle and hyoid bone (1), The superior belly of omohyoid attached to the transverse process of the C6 anterior to the scalenus medius (2), double omohyoids (3, 4), absence of superior belly (5), short omohyoid4 and cleidohyoid (4, 6) were reported.