scalene muscles


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sca·lene mus·cles

(skā'lēn mŭs'ĕlz)
A group of three muscles (e.g., anterior, middle, posterior) located in the side of the neck.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Brachial plexus can be seen as three hypoechoic nodular structures between the scalene muscles.
Caption: Figure 3: Position of the needle and local anesthetic distribution between the scalene muscles around the nerves in the interscalene region during the performance of the interscalene block.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-defined and lobulated mass in the scalene muscles with a hypointense signal void on T1-weighted images (Figure 2a) and a hyperintense signal void on T2-weighted images (Figure 2b), and it showed extensive enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images.
Of the five cases, one was located in the middle scalenius muscle, one in the posterior scalenius muscle, one in the anterior scalenius muscle, and the others originated from unspecified scalene muscles (3-6).
Soft-tissue abnormalities include scalene muscle abnormalities and fibrous bands.
Falla D, Rainoldi A, Jull G, Stavrou G, Tsao H (2004d) Lack of correlation between sternocleidomastoid and scalene muscle fatigability and duration of symptoms in chronic neck pain patients.
Many authors describe techniques for locating or palpating the scalene muscles (Brantigan and Roos 2004, Falla et al 2002a, Gross et al 2002, Kostopoulos and Rizopoulos 2001, Porterfield and DeRosa 1995, Senjyu et al 2002).
The scalene muscles are especially variable, and physiotherapists can clearly benefit from understanding some of the common variations that exist and how they may impact on clinical practice.
LSA run upward and passed between anterior and middle scalene muscles. LVA continued upward and entered deep to the transverse process at the level of the 7th cervical vertebrae.
The scalene muscles are paravertebral muscles which begin at the first and second ribs and pass up into the sides of the neck, varying in the number of their costal and vertebral attachments, as well as in the interrelationships caused by the fusion of numerous fasciculi.