scalene muscle


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Related to scalene muscle: anterior scalene muscle

scalene muscle

n.
Any of three muscles on each side of the neck that originate at the cervical vertebrae and insert into either the first or second ribs, serving to bend and rotate the neck and assist breathing by raising the first and second ribs. Also called scalenus.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

scalene muscle

The anterior, the middle, or the posterior scalene muscle -- neck muscles. Origins: transverse processes of vertebrae C1-C7. Insertions: upper surfaces of ribs 1-2. Nerves: cervical spinal C4-C8. Actions: raises ribs 1-2, bends neck ipsilaterally.
See also: muscle
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common site of origin in the head and neck is the masseter muscle, whereas IMH originating from the scalene muscles are rarely seen.
In 15% of cases, C5 and C6 roots may fuse before piercing the anterior scalene muscle or C5 root alone can pierce the belly of anterior scalene muscle, as seen in 13% of cases.
In our patient, the tumor was attached to the supraclavicular fossa and adherent to the scalene muscles, expanding nearby to involve vital anatomic structures, such as the internal jugular vein and accessory and phrenic nerves.
The US transducer was placed transversally on the neck at the level of the superior pole of the thyroid cartilage and then slightly aligned laterally where the nerve roots were observed between the anterior and middle scalene muscles at the interscalene groove.
The results revealed increased electromyographic amplitude of the large superficial sternocleidomastoid, and anterior scalene muscles in patients with neck pain.
The interscalene brachial plexus block was performed in the interscalene groove, between the anterior and middle scalene muscles (Fig.
It can also occur with TOS, which encompasses three separate disorders involving compression of the subclavian artery, subclavian vein, or brachial plexus in the triangular space bordered by the first rib, clavicle, and scalene muscles [9, 10].
(2,4,6,10,11) Compression of the vein in the thoracic outlet through lateral abduction of the arm or hypertrophy of subclavian or anterior scalene muscles can cause turbulence in the vein, which is exacerbated by increased venous flow experienced during exercise.
The thoracic outlet is the opening between the scalene muscles and the rib cage.
The fascia covering the floor of the posterior triangle was removed by fine dissection and the scalene muscles, levator scapulae muscle and splenius capitus muscle were exposed and identified.