sassafras(redirected from sassafrases)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
The dried bark of the root of Sassafras albidum (family Lauraceae), a tree of the eastern U.S.; a flavoring agent, diuretic, and diaphoretic; sassafras oil, a volatile oil obtained by distillation from the bark of S. albidum and S. variifolium, is used as a carminative, topical antiseptic, pediculicide, and flavoring agent.
A deciduous tree, the bark of which is antiseptic, diaphoretic and diuretic. It was regarded by Native Americans as a blood purifier; in herbal medicine, it was used topically for syphilis, abscesses, acne, poison ivy and poison oak, and internally for colic and rheumatic complaints.
Carcinogenic and hepatotoxic in rats due to safrole; it is listed by the FDA as “unsafe”. Sassafras oil and raw bark should not be used internally.