saponin


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Related to saponin: tannin

saponin

 [sap´o-nin]
any of a group of glycosides widely distributed in the plant world; they are powerful surfactants, form durable foam when their watery solutions are shaken, and can dissolve erythrocytes even when highly diluted.

saponin

(săp′ə-nĭn, sə-pō′-)
n.
Any of various plant glycosides that form soapy lathers when mixed and agitated with water, used in detergents, foaming agents, and emulsifiers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Steroid saponins, flavonoids, polysaccharoses, and aliphatic acids are the major bioactive components in RP [7].
Results: The results exhibited that sea cucumber saponin, dacarbazine, and coadministration of saponin-dacarbazine inhibited the proliferation of melanoma cells in a dose and time dependent manner with [IC.sub.50] values of 10,1400 and 4+1200 [micro]g/ml, respectively.
(5) Sample of total saponin for HPLC analysis: A final solution of 4.8 mg/ml for the total saponins was made and then filtered using a 0.45 [micro]m Econofilter prior to HPLC analysis.
Ocotillol-type saponins share a tetrahydrofuran ring as the tetracyclic triterpenoids, which is rare existing in Panax quinquefolius L., Panax japonicus, Hana mina, and Vietnamese ginseng [1].
The experimental diets contained 0, 0.0176%, 0.026%, and 0.0528% SSP (dose equivalent: 0, 50, 75, and 150 ppm saponin), respectively.
Concentration of saponins, cyanogenic glycosides and alkaloids of trees species consumed by cattle in acahuales of low deciduous forest.
Test for saponins: Little amount of extract was taken in test tube and places it on boiling water.
The current research report is aimed at evaluating the potential of Neem based saponin as green pesticide, to control stored grain pests.
Saponin should also prevent long-lasting soil contamination by blight.
All extracts contained more than 90% of compounds from the respective chemical group (saponins, alkaloids and flavonoids).