vein is a direct branch that belongs to the great or small saphenous
Insufficiencies of the great saphenous
veins (GSV) majorly contribute to the venous incompetence of the lower extremities.1-3 This insufficiency may give rise to cosmetic concerns such as spider telangiectasia and varicose veins as well as to more serious problems such as limb edema, skin ulcers, and even some forms of disabilities.4 The main goal of therapy in GSV incompetence is to eliminate the underlying cause of venous reflux.
The disease process accelerates in saphenous
vein grafts between five and 10 years after CABG, requiring the majority of patients to have another revascularization procedure to prevent a heart attack.
Of particular interest is the analysis and comparison of results obtained with the use of either IMA or saphenous
The fate of calf perforator veins after saphenous
vein laser ablation.
In the present study, on examination long saphenous
varicosity was noted in 90%, short saphenous
varicosity in 6%, combined short and long system varicosity in 4%.
We compared images of the Great Saphenous
Vein acquired with tomographic ultrasound to intraoperative assessment under direct vision.
Karantalis et al., "Evaluation of culprit saphenous
vein graft lesions with optical coherence tomography in patients with acute coronary syndromes," JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, vol.
It is reported that the long saphenous
vein is the most affected vein and followed by the femoral vein and popliteal vein in the lower extremity .
Surgical exposure and cannulation of the right saphenous
, both femoral veins, left axillary, and left external jugular veins were unsuccessful due to venous stenosis.
The practice of saphenous
vein preservation was not followed.
According to current guidelines thermal ablation is the first choice of treatment in saphenous
vein insufficiency [1, 2].