salicylate poisoning


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Related to salicylate poisoning: acetaminophen poisoning, Salicylate sensitivity

salicylate poisoning

a toxic condition caused by the ingestion of salicylate, most often in aspirin or oil of wintergreen. Intoxication is characterized by rapid breathing, vomiting, headache, irritability, ketosis, hypoglycemia, and, in severe cases, seizures and respiratory failure.

salicylate poisoning

Poisoning caused by aspirin or one of its derivatives. It causes a metabolic acidosis and respiratory alkalosis in adults. Ringing in the ears (tinnitus), nausea, vomiting, and diaphoresis are other common symptoms. Severe intoxications produce hyperthermia, mental status changes, and pulmonary edema.

Patient care

Patients who have overdosed on aspirin are treated with bicarbonate to increase the systemic pH and enhance excretion of salicylates in the urine. Hemodialysis is used to remove salicylates from the blood in life-threatening intoxications.

See: aspirin poisoning
See also: poisoning
References in periodicals archive ?
17 mmol/L [2], and salicylate poisoning is not a rare occurrence.
Another possibility is that undissolved tablets accumulate in the stomach of a patient with gastric outlet obstruction, resulting in acute salicylate poisoning.
This form of salicylate poisoning is rare in the United States, with 38 cases reported in 1981 to the Bureau of Poison Control of the Food and Drug Administration.
As a check on the completeness of case ascertainment, the poisons unit at RCH was asked to provide data on trends in discharges and deaths due to salicylate poisoning between January 2004 and December 2008.