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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Derived from the dried stigmas of the purple saffron crocus, it takes anything from 70,000 to 250,000 flowers to make one pound of saffron.
Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus.
Suttons' Saffron Crocus bulbs enable you to grow your own Red Gold - you can plant bulbs in August and have beautiful blooms in a few weeks.
Herat's hot and dry summers are conducive to cultivating the saffron crocus, and the crop is also able to endure the region's harsh winters.
But for a show this year try autumn crocus and Saffron crocus.
Each saffron crocus grows to 20--30 cm and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas.
Saffron crocus look great in a rockery or sink and Cyclamen hederifolium are best for carpeting bare soil in shady, free-draining borders.
Plan ahead for next year and for this year try autumn crocus and saffron crocus.
The original Saffron Crocus has lilac flowers with long red stigmas and was used for flavouring and colouring food.